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Definition of Thallium scan

Thallium scan: A method of examining the heart to obtain information about the blood supply to the heart muscle. In the scan, special cameras take a series of pictures of the heart. Radioactive sestamibi is injected into the bloodstream and serves as a tracer. The tracer attaches to certain cells and makes them visible to the special camera. The tracer attaches to the muscle cells of the heart so the imaging camera can take pictures of the heart muscles. If an area of the heart does not receive an adequate flow of blood, the cells in the underserved area do not receive as much tracer and it appears as a darker area on the picture taken by the camera.

The sestamibi scan can be done in two basic ways, namely as a:

  • Stress exercise sestamibi scan -- one exercises on a treadmill to stress the heart by making it go faster and more strongly ; or
  • Adenosine sestamibi scan -- one receives adenosine (or another medication) to similarly stress the heart.

For more details, please see the entries to Stress exercise sestamibi scan and Adenosine sestamibi scan .

Source: MedTerms™ Medical Dictionary
http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=18757
Last Editorial Review: 9/20/2012

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