Medical Definition of Orthopox
Orthopox: The family of viruses to which belongs vaccinia, the virus that causes smallpox.
Other members of the orthopox family of viruses capable of infecting humans include:
Poxviruses are very large rectangular viruses the size of small bacteria. They have a complex internal structure with a large double-stranded DNA genome enclosed within a "core" that is flanked by 2 "lateral bodies". The surface of the virus particle is covered with filamentous protein components, so that the particles have the appearance of a "ball of knitting wool". The entire particle is enclosed in an envelope derived from the host cell membranes. Most poxviruses are host-species specific, but vaccinia is a remarkable exception. True pox viruses are antigenically rather similar, so that infection by one elicits immune protection against the others.Source: MedTerms™ Medical Dictionary
Last Editorial Review: 9/14/2016
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z
Search Medical Dictionary
- What Is Inherited Lipodystrophy?
- Do You Take Good Care of Your Eyes?
- Tips for a Clean Home & Healthy Cat