Definition of Ramsay Hunt syndrome
Ramsay Hunt syndrome: A herpes virus infection of the geniculate nerve ganglion that causes paralysis of the facial muscles on the same side of the face as the infection. The geniculate ganglion is a sensory ganglion associated with the VIIth cranial nerve.
The Ramsay Hunt syndrome is usually associated with a rash and blisters.
The syndrome is named for the pre-eminent 20th-century American neurologist James Ramsay Hunt (1872-1937). One common error in writing his name is to spell Ramsay as Ramsey and another common error is to put a hyphen between the Ramsay and the Hunt. There is none.
There are three variations or types of Ramsay Hunt syndromes, including:
Last Editorial Review: 10/8/2012
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