Definition of HIV infection, primary
HIV infection, primary: The first few months after infection with HIV (the human immunodeficiency virus).
During primary HIV infection, seroconversion occurs -- the appearance of detectable antibodies to HIV in the blood. It normally takes several weeks to several months for antibodies to the virus to develop after HIV transmission. When antibodies to HIV appear in the blood, a person will test positive in the standard ELISA test for HIV.
Primary HIV infection may or may not include acute HIV, a flu-like syndrome that occurs immediately after a person contracts HIV. Acute HIV is characterized by fever, sore throat, headache, skin rash and swollen glands (lymphadenopathy).Source: MedTerms™ Medical Dictionary
Last Editorial Review: 8/28/2013
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z
Search Medical Dictionary
Resources for Staying Well
- Early Care for Your Premature Baby
- What to Eat When You Have Cancer
- When to Take More Pain Medication