Seasonal Depression (SAD) Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Seasonal Depression (SAD) article.

Acupuncture: The practice of inserting needles into the body to reduce pain or induce anes...

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Aerobic: Oxygen-requiring. Aerobic bacteria need oxygen to grow. Aerobic exercise requires...

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Aerobic exercise: Brisk exercise that promotes the circulation of oxygen through the blood...

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Alcohol abuse: Use of alcoholic beverages to excess, either on individual occasions (binge...

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Antidepressant: Anything, and especially a drug, used to prevent or treat depression.

Antidepressants: Anything, and especially a drug, used to prevent or treat depression.

Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension and fear, characterized by physical symptoms such as pa...

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Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.

Bipolar disorder: A mood disorder sometimes called manic-depressive illness or manic-depr...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Clinical depression: Depressed mood that meets the DSM-IV criteria for a depressive disord...

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Contrast: Short for "contrast media." Contrast media are X-ray dyes used to provide contra...

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Depression: An illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and that affects the way...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Genetic: Having to do with genes and genetic
information.

Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Hippocrates: (c.460-377BC) Great Greek physician on the Mediterranean island of Cos, who f...

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Informatics: The application of computers and statistics to the management of information....

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Insomnia: The perception or complaint of inadequate or poor-quality sleep due to a number ...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Manic: In a state of mania.

Meditation: A typically self-directed practice for relaxing the body and calming the mind....

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Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

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Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Psychiatry: The medical specialty that is concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and tr...

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Psychotherapy: The treatment of a behavior disorders, mental illness, or any other conditi...

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Recurrent: Appearing or occurring again. For example, a recurrent fever is a fever that ha...

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Reuptake: The reabsorption of a secreted substance by the cell that originally produced an...

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Risk factor: Something that increases a person's chances of developing a disease. For exam...

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Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

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Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor: A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) is...

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Self-harm: see: non-suicidal self injury.

Sensitivity: 1. In psychology, the quality of being sensitive. As, for example, sen...

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Serotonin: A neurotransmitter that is involved in the transmission of nerve impulses. Sero...

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Sleep: The body's rest cycle.

SSRI: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, one of a family of antidepressant medication...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Vitamin D: A steroid vitamin which promotes the intestinal absorption and metabolism of ca...

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Weight loss: Weight loss is a decrease in body weight resulting from either voluntary (die...

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Winter depression: See: SAD.

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