Seizures and Fever (cont.)
Self-Care at Home
These aspects of home care need to be considered:
- Care of the child during the seizure: During a seizure, only a limited amount of intervention should be undertaken. The main objective is to protect the child’s airway so that breathing is maintained. Protection from other injury is important.
- Remove objects, such as food and pacifiers, from the mouth.
- Place the child on his or her side or abdomen.
- Clear the mouth with a suction bulb (if available) if there is vomiting.
- Perform a jaw thrust or chin lift maneuver if there is noisy or labored breathing.
- Do not try to restrain the child or try to stop seizure movements.
- Do not force anything into the child's mouth. Don't try to hold the tongue. (It is not necessary to try to prevent the tongue from being swallowed.)
- Control of the fever: Because the seizure is being caused by fever, measures should be taken to lower the body temperature.
- Remove clothing.
- Apply cool washcloths to the face and neck.
- Sponge the rest of the body with cool water (do not immerse a seizing child in the bathtub).
- Give medication to lower the fever (acetaminophen suppositories in the rectum, if available). Oral medications should not be given until the child is awake.
- Consider the cause of the fever: This is probably best left up to the doctor's medical evaluation.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 6/25/2014
Scott H Plantz, MD, FAAEM
Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD
Thomas Rebbecchi, MD, FAAEM
Must Read Articles Related to Seizures and Fever
Infectious mononucleosis is an infection most frequently caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. Symptoms include fever, sore throat, and swollen lymph glands. Treatm...learn more >>
Seizures refer to uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain. Symptoms of seizures range from mild to severe and can lead to death. A number of factors can l...learn more >>
Seizures in Children
A seizure occurs when the brain functions abnormally, resulting in a change in movement, attention, or level of awareness. Different types of seizures may occur...learn more >>
Patient Comments & Reviews
The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Seizures and Fever: