Seizures Emergencies Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Seizures Emergencies article.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.

Aspiration: Removal of a sample of fluid and cells through a needle. Aspiration also re...

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Blood sugar: Blood glucose. See also: High blood sugar; Low blood sugar.

Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Brain tumor: A benign or malignant growth in the brain. Primary brain tumors initially for...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Convulsion: An abnormal, involuntary contraction of the muscles most typically seen with c...

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CPR: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

CT scan: Computerized tomography scan. Pictures of structures within the body created by a...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Drain: A device for removing fluid from a cavity or wound. A drain is typically a tube or ...

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EEG: Electroencephalogram.

Electroencephalogram: A technique for studying the electrical currents within the brain. E...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Epilepsy (seizure disorder): When nerve cells in the brain fire electrical impulses...

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Febrile: Feverish.

Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

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Head injury: Damage to any of the structures of the head as a result of trauma. While the ...

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Incontinence: The inability to control excretions, to hold urine in the bladder, or to kee...

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Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Limb: An arm or a leg.

Low blood sugar: A low blood level of the sugar glucose. Also called hypoglycemia.

Meningitis: Inflammation of the meninges, the three membranes that envelop the brain and t...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Muscular: Having to do with the muscles. Also, endowed with above average muscle developme...

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Neurologist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of th...

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Neurology: The medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders o...

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Nurse: 1) A person trained, licensed, or skilled in nursing. 2) To feed an infant at the ...

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Outpatient: A patient who is not hospitalized, but instead comes to a physician?s office, ...

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Primary care: A patient's main source for regular medical care, ideally providing continui...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Pulse: The rhythmic dilation of an artery that results from beating of the heart. Pulse is...

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Recurrent: Appearing or occurring again. For example, a recurrent fever is a fever that ha...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Seizure: Uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain, which may produce a physical conv...

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Seizure disorders: One of a great many medical conditions that are characterized by epis...

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Sleep: The body's rest cycle.

Spasticity: A state of increased tone of a muscle (and an increase in the deep tendon refl...

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Spinal tap: Also known as a lumbar puncture or "LP", a spinal tap is a procedure whereby ...

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Status epilepticus: An epileptic seizure that lasts more than 30 minutes; a constant or ...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be ...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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