Seizures in Children Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Seizures in Children article.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Cerebral: Of or pertaining to the cerebrum or the brain.

Cerebral palsy: An abnormality of motor function (the ability to move and control movement...

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Chickenpox: A highly infectious viral disease also known medically as varicella -- in many...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Contraction: The tightening and shortening of a muscle.

CPR: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

CT scan: Computed tomography scan. Detailed images of internal organs are obtained by this...

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Ear: The hearing organ. There are three sections of the ear, according to the anatomy tex...

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EEG: Electroencephalogram.

Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Epilepsy (seizure disorder): When nerve cells in the brain fire electrical impulses...

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Family history: The family structure and relationships within the family, including inform...

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Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Febrile: Feverish.

Febrile seizure: A convulsion that occurs in association with a fever. Febrile seizures ar...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Grand mal: A form of epilepsy characterized by tonic-clonic seizures. involving two phases...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Incontinence: The inability to control excretions, to hold urine in the bladder, or to kee...

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Infantile spasms: A seizure disorder of infancy and early childhood with the onset predomi...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Injure: To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emotional sense. Fr...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Intensive care: See critical care.

Lab test: A test that is done in the laboratory where the appropriate equipment, supplies,...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Lumbar: Referring to the five lumbar vertebrae, the disks below them, and the correspondin...

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Lumbar puncture: A procedure in which cerebrospinal fluid is removed from the spinal canal...

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Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

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Memory: 1. The ability to recover information about past events or knowledge. ...

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Meningitis: Inflammation of the meninges, the three membranes that envelop the brain and t...

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Mental retardation: The condition of having an IQ measured as below 70 to 75 and significa...

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Metabolic: Relating to metabolism, the whole range of biochemical processes that occur wit...

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Motor: Something that produces or refers to motion. For example, a motor neuron is a nerve...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Neonatal: Pertaining to the newborn period, specifically the first 4 weeks after birth.

Neonatal intensive care unit: An intensive care unit designed for premature and ill newbor...

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Palsy: Paralysis, generally partial, whereby a local body area is incapable of voluntary m...

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Pediatric: Pertaining to children.

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Petit mal: A form of epilepsy with very brief, unannounced lapses in consciousness. A peti...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Psychiatric: Pertaining to or within the purview of psychiatry, the medical specialty conc...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Seizure: Uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain, which may produce a physical conv...

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Sodium: The major positive ion (cation) in the fluid surrounding cells in the body. The ch...

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Spasm: A brief, automatic jerking movement. A muscle spasm can be quite painful, with the ...

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Spinal tap: Also known as a lumbar puncture or "LP", a spinal tap is a procedure whereby ...

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Status epilepticus: An epileptic seizure that lasts more than 30 minutes; a constant or ...

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Stool: The solid matter that is discharged in a bowel movement.

Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Tongue: A strong muscle that is anchored to the floor of the mouth. The tongue is covered ...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be ...

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Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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