Separation Anxiety Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Separation Anxiety article.

Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Alprazolam: A benzodiazepine sedative that causes dose-related depression of the central n...

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Amygdala: 1. The amygdaloid nucleus in the brain. 2. The tonsils. These...

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Antidepressant: Anything, and especially a drug, used to prevent or treat depression.

Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension and fear, characterized by physical symptoms such as pa...

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Anxiety disorder: A chronic condition characterized by an excessive and persistent sense o...

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Benzodiazepines: A class of drugs that act as tranquilizers and are commonly used in the t...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Cardiovascular: Relating to the circulatory system, which comprises the heart and blood ve...

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Cortisol: A metabolite of the primary stress hormone cortisone. Cortisol is an essential f...

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Depression: An illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and that affects the way...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Disc: Shortened terminology for an intervertebral disc, a disk-shaped piece of specialized...

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Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

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DSM-IV: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition, the officia...

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Endocrine: Pertaining to hormones and the glands that make and secrete them into the blood...

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Family therapy: A type of psychotherapy designed to identify family patterns that contribu...

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FDA: Food and Drug Administration.

Fear of the dark: Pathological fear of the dark, an abnormal and persistent dread of the d...

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Food and Drug Administration: An agency within the US Public Health Service that provides ...

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Group therapy: 1) A type of psychiatric care in which several patients meet with one or m...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Hyperventilation: Overbreathing. Hyperventilation causes dizziness, lightheadedness, a sen...

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Hypoglycemia: Low blood sugar (glucose). Hypoglycemia may be associated with symptoms such...

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Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Lightheadedness: A feeling you are "going to faint." Lightheadedness is medically distinc...

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Maternal: 1. Pertaining to the mother as, for example, the maternal mortality rate....

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Meditation: A typically self-directed practice for relaxing the body and calming the mind....

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Metabolic: Relating to metabolism, the whole range of biochemical processes that occur wit...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Palpitations: Unpleasant sensations of irregular and/or forceful beating of the heart. In ...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Psychiatric: Pertaining to or within the purview of psychiatry, the medical specialty conc...

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Psychiatry: The medical specialty that is concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and tr...

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Psychosomatic: Relating to both the mind and the body or to the mind-body interrelationshi...

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Recurrent: Appearing or occurring again. For example, a recurrent fever is a fever that ha...

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Rejection: In transplantation biology, when the body's immune system attacks transplanted ...

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Reuptake: The reabsorption of a secreted substance by the cell that originally produced an...

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Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

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Sensitivity: 1. In psychology, the quality of being sensitive. As, for example, sen...

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Separation anxiety: A developmental stage during which a child experiences anxiety when se...

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Separation anxiety disorder: Excessive anxiety concerning separation from home or from tho...

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Serotonin: A neurotransmitter that is involved in the transmission of nerve impulses. Sero...

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Somatic: 1. Relating to the body. a. As distinguished from the mind (the psy...

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Suicidal: Pertaining to suicide. the taking of ones own life. As in a suicidal gesture, su...

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Temple: The area just behind and to the side of the forehead and the eye, above the side o...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Xanax: See: Alprazolam.

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