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Separation Anxiety (cont.)

Synonyms and Keywords

separation anxiety, separation anxiety disorder, childhood anxiety, clinging, bullying, social rejection, school refusal, refusing to go to school, cognitive-behavior therapy, desensitization, antianxiety medications, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, SSRIs, relaxation exercises

Authors and Editors

Author: Bettina E Bernstein, DO, Consulting Staff, Assistant Professor of Child Psychiatry, Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine, Consulting Staff, Department of Child Psychiatry, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.

Editor: David Perlstein, MD, FAAP

Previous contributing editors:

Editors: Caroly Pataki, MD, Associate Program Director, Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Neuropsychiatric Institute and Hospital, UCLA; Mary L Windle, Pharm D, Adjunct Assistant Professor, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Pharmacy; Pharmacy Editor,, Inc; Alan D Schmetzer, MD, Professor and Assistant Chair for Education, Department of Psychiatry, Indiana University School of Medicine.


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Compton, S.N., J.T. Walkup, A.M. Albano, J.C. Piacentini, B. Birmaher, J.T. Sherrill, ET AL. Child/Adolescent Anxiety Multimodal Study (CAMS): rationale, design, and methods. Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health. 4 Jan. 5, 2010:1.

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Walkup, J.T., A.M. Albano, J. Piacentini, B. Birmaher, S.N. Compton, J.T. Sherrill, et al. "Cognitive behavioral therapy, sertraline, or a combination in childhood anxiety." N Engl J Med 359.26 Dec. 25 2008: 2753-66.

Last Editorial Review: 2/10/2010

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Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Anxiety Disorder: Separation Anxiety and School Refusal »

According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV), separation anxiety is a fairly common anxiety disorder that consists of excessive anxiety beyond that expected for the child's developmental level related to separation or impending separation from the attachment figure (eg, primary caretaker, close family member) occurring in children younger than 18 years and lasting for at least 4 weeks.

Read More on Medscape Reference »

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