Shoulder Separation Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Shoulder Separation article.

AC joint: Acromioclavicular joint located between the acromion (a projection of the scapul...

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Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Acromioclavicular joint: A gliding joint located between the acromion (a projection of the...

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Acromion: The projection of the scapula (the shoulder blade) that forms the point of the s...

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Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.

Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

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Baseline: Information or data gathered at the beginning of a period from which variations ...

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Bruise: Injury of the soft tissues that results in breakage of the local capillaries and l...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Clavicle: The bone extending from the breastbone (sternum) at the base of the front of the...

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Collarbone: A horizontal bone above the first rib that makes up the front part of the shou...

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Cuts: Severed skin. Washing a cut or scrape with soap and water and keeping it clean and d...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Fracture: A break in bone or cartilage. Although usually a result of trauma, a fracture ca...

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Frozen shoulder: Permanent severe limitation of the range of motion of the shoulder due to...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Incision: A cut through skin or other tissue performed by a health care professional.

Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Intervention: The act of intervening, interfering or interceding with the intent of modify...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Labrum: In medicine, a ring of fibrocartilage (fibrous cartilage) around the edge of the a...

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Ligament: A tough band of connective tissue that connects various structures, such as two ...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Numb: Numb, or numbness is a loss of the sensation of feeling in an area of the body. Numb...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

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Physical therapy: A branch of rehabilitative health that uses specially designed exercises...

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Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Range of motion: The full movement potential of a joint, usually its range of flexion and ...

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Rehabilitation: The process of helping a person who has suffered an illness or injury rest...

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Rotator cuff: A group of four tendons that stabilize the shoulder joint. Each of these ten...

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Rupture: A break or tear in any organ (such as the spleen) or soft tissue (such as the ach...

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Scapula: The shoulder blade (or "wingbone"), the familiar flat triangular bone at the back...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Shoulder: A structure made up of two main bones: the scapula (shoulder blade) and the hume...

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Shoulder dislocation: See: Dislocated shoulder

Shoulder joint: The flexible ball-and-socket joint formed by the junction of the humerus...

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Shoulder pain: Pain in the shoulder due to an injury or disease. The design of the shoulde...

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Strain: 1. An injury to a tendon or muscle resulting from overuse or trauma. 2. A heredita...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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Medical Dictionary