Sickle Cell Disease (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
Sickle cell disease is an inherited blood disorder that is not preventable. But a couple may meet with a genetic counselor before becoming pregnant to learn more about their chances of having a child with sickle cell disease. People whose ancestors were from Africa, India, the Middle East, the Mediterranean (Turkey, Italy, Greece), and some Latin American countries are more likely to inherit the gene that can cause sickle cell disease.
Home treatment for sickle cell disease includes steps to control pain and prevent complications of the disease. If you don't already have a home treatment plan, ask your doctor to help you develop one. Use this plan whenever symptoms are present. Your plan may include:
Children with sickle cell disease need standard immunizations, such as pneumococcal and flu shots. Also, children younger than 5 years need to take a daily antibiotic, such as penicillin, to prevent infection.
Special needs of people living with sickle cell disease
You can help your child cope with special needs in school by:
Children with sickle cell disease can usually exercise and play normally if they:
Folic acid supplements are often a necessary part of the diet for people with sickle cell disease, particularly if you aren't eating enough folate-rich leafy vegetables (such as spinach).
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