Sigmoidoscopy Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Sigmoidoscopy article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Analysis: In psychology, a term for conversation-based therapeutic processes used to gain ...

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Anesthesia: Loss of feeling or awareness, as when an anesthetic is administered before sur...

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Anus: The opening of the rectum to the outside of the body.

Benign: Not malignant. A benign tumor is one that does not invade surrounding tissue or sp...

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Biopsy: The removal of a sample of tissue for examination under a microscope to check for ...

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Bowel: The small and large intestine.

Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Colon: The long, coiled, tubelike organ that removes water from digested food. The remaini...

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Colon cancer: A malignant tumor arising from the inner wall of the large intestine (the co...

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Colonoscopy: A procedure whereby a physician inserts a viewing tube (colonoscope) into the...

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Colorectal: Related to the colon and/or rectum.

Colorectal cancer: A malignant tumor arising from the inner wall of the large intestine (t...

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Diabetes: Refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabetes mell...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Endoscopy: Examination of the inside of the body by using a lighted, flexible instrument c...

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Enema: Liquid injected into the rectum. An enema may be used for therapeutic (such as to s...

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Fecal: Relating to the feces, the stool. The excrement discharged from the intestines.

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Insertion: A chromosome abnormality that is due to insertion of a segment from one chromos...

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Intestine: The long, tubelike organ in the abdomen that completes the process of digestion...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Large intestine: Comes after the small intestine. Large because it is wider than the smal...

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Laxative: Something that promotes emptying of the bowels. Laxatives are used to combat con...

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Liquid diet: The Liquid diet is the restriction of solid food intake, and replacement of s...

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Magnesium: A mineral involved in many processes in the body including nerve signaling, the...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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NIH: National Institutes of Health.

Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

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Primary care: A patient's main source for regular medical care, ideally providing continui...

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Rectum: The last 6 to 8 inches of the large intestine. The rectum stores solid waste until...

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Risk factor: Something that increases a person's chances of developing a disease. For exam...

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Sigmoidoscope: A lighted instrument that is used to view the inside of the lower colon.

Sigmoidoscopy: A procedure in which a physician inserts a viewing tube (sigmoidoscope) int...

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Stool: The solid matter that is discharged in a bowel movement.

Temple: The area just behind and to the side of the forehead and the eye, above the side o...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

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