Font Size
A
A
A

Sigmoidoscopy (cont.)

Sigmoidoscopy Preparation

Sigmoidoscopy is well tolerated by the vast majority of people. This procedure is usually done in a doctor's office without the need for any anesthesia or sedation.

  • Your doctor may require you to use a strong laxative (called a bowel cleanser) to clear your bowel of fecal contents before sigmoidoscopy. Several medications are available for bowel cleansing, including polyethylene glycol 3350 (GoLYTELY, NuLYTELY), magnesium citrate, (Citroma), and senna (X-Prep). These medications produce diarrhea, which can be uncomfortable, but unless the bowel is empty of stool, the test can be limited and may need to be repeated at a later date. Your doctor may also require a special diet, such as a clear liquid diet, starting 1-2 days before your scheduled sigmoidoscopy.

  • Some people also need to use an enema (liquid is forced into the colon through the anus) before bedtime.

  • The next day, you may take your normal medications.

  • About 1 hour before the procedure is to begin, you will need to have an enema. The clear diet and enema help clear the intestine so your doctor can see well.

Medical Author:
Coauthor:
Medical Editor:
Medical Editor:
Medical Editor:

Must Read Articles Related to Sigmoidoscopy

Colon Cancer
Colon Cancer The human colon is a muscular, tube-shaped organ measuring about 4 feet long. It extends from the end of your small bowel to your anus, twisting and turning thr...learn more >>
Colonoscopy
Colonoscopy Colonoscopy is a procedure used to view the inside of the colon. Reasons for colonoscopy is to detect or diagnose diseases of the colon (Crohn's disease, ulcera...learn more >>
Diverticulitis (Diverticulosis)
Diverticulosis and Diverticulitis Diverticulitis is an inflammation of the diverticula in the colon. This conditions is referred to as diverticulosis. Causes of Diverticulosis (diverticulitis) i...learn more >>




Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Colon, Polyps »

A polyp is a small growth of tissue shaped like the head or stalk of a mushroom.

Read More on Medscape Reference »


Medical Dictionary