Sinus Headache Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Sinus Headache article.

Abscess: A local accumulation of pus anywhere in the body. The following are some example...

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Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Adjacent: Lying nearby. Related terms include superjacent, subjacent, and circumjacent. Fr...

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Airway: The path that air follows to get into and out of the lungs. The mouth and nose are...

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Allergic reaction: The hypersensitive response of the immune system of an allergic indiv...

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Antihistamines: Drugs that combat the histamine released during an allergic reaction by bl...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Benign: Not malignant. A benign tumor is one that does not invade surrounding tissue or sp...

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Blood clots: Blood that has been converted from a liquid to a solid state. Also called a t...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Cavernous sinus: A large channel of venous blood creating a "sinus" cavity bordered by the...

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Cavities: Holes or structural damage in the two outer layers of a tooth called the enamel...

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Cheek: The side of the face, which forms the side wall of the mouth. The cheekbone is part...

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Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure t...

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Congestion: An abnormal or excessive accumulation of a body fluid. The term is used broadl...

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CT scan: Computed tomography scan. Detailed images of internal organs are obtained by this...

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Decongestant: A drug that shrinks the swollen membranes in the nose, making it easier for ...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Discharge: 1.The flow of fluid from part of the body, such as from the nose or vag...

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Encephalitis: Inflammation of the brain, which may be caused by a bacterium, a virus, or a...

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Ethmoid: 1. As an adjective: spongy or sievelike. From the Greek ethmos, sieve + ei...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Frontal: In anatomy, pertaining to the forehead. As, for example, the frontal bone, fronta...

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Fungal: Pertaining to a fungus. For example, a fungal skin infection.

Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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High blood pressure: A repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg. Chro...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Jaw: The movable junction of the bones below the mouth (the mandible) and the bone just ab...

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Lymph: The almost colorless fluid that travels through the lymphatic system, carrying cell...

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Malignant: 1. Tending to be severe and become progressively worse, as in malignant ...

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Maxilla: The major bone of the upper jaw.

Meningitis: Inflammation of the meninges, the three membranes that envelop the brain and t...

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Mucous: Pertaining to mucus, a thick fluid produced by the lining of some tissues of the b...

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Nasal: Having to do with the nose.

Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Nose: The external midline projection from the face. The purpose of the nose is to warm, c...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Rebound: The reversal of response upon withdrawal of a stimulus.

Recurrent: Appearing or occurring again. For example, a recurrent fever is a fever that ha...

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Respiratory: Having to do with respiration.

Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

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Saline: Relating to salt. As an adjective, "saline" means "salty, containing salt." As a n...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Sinus: 1. An air-filled cavity in a dense portion of a skull bone. The sinuses decr...

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Sinus headache: A headache caused by pressure within the sinus cavities of the head, usual...

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Sinusitis: Inflammation of the lining membrane in any of the hollow areas (sinuses) of the...

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Skull: The skull is a collection of bones which encase the brain and give form to the hea...

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Sphenoid: 1. Shaped like a wedge. 2. Relating to the sphenoid bone (which is...

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Sphenoid bone: A prominent, irregular, wedge-shaped bone at the base of the skull. The sph...

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Steroid: One of a large group of chemical substances classified by a specific carbon struc...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Tiredness: See: Tired.

Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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Viral infection: Infection caused by the presence of a virus in the body. Depending on th...

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