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Sinus Infection (Sinusitis)

Sinus Infection (Sinusitis) Quick Overview

Patient Comments
  • Sinus infection, or sinusitis, is a common condition that refers to inflammation of the sinuses and nasal passages.
  • Acute sinusitis usually lasts fewer than eight weeks or occurs no more than three times per year, with each episode lasting no longer than 10 days.
  • Chronic sinusitis lasts longer than eight weeks or occurs more than four times per year, with symptoms usually lasting more than 20 days.
  • Sinusitis can be caused by viruses, allergens, pollutants, bacteria, and fungi.
  • Symptoms of sinusitis include
  • To diagnose sinusitis a doctor will take a history and perform a physical exam. Tests may include CT scans and ultrasound.
  • Home remedies to help relieve symptoms of sinusitis include
    • drinking plenty of water,
    • inhaling steam,
    • taking a steamy shower,
    • using mentholated preparations such as Vicks Vapor Rub, and
    • nasal irrigation (such as using a Neti pot).
  • Over-the-counter (OTC) expectorants, decongestants, cough suppressants, and pain relievers can help alleviate symptoms.
  • Medications used to treat sinusitis include intranasal or oral steroids. Antibiotics may be prescribed to help prevent complications, relieve symptoms, and reduce the risk of chronic sinusitis.
  • Sinus surgery is a last resort for those who do not respond to medications.
  • Prevention of a sinus infection depends upon its cause, but the prognosis for sinus infections is usually good when treated promptly. Those with chronic sinusitis may have recurring bouts if there are structural or allergic causes.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/16/2015

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Patient Comments & Reviews

The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Sinus Infection:

Sinus Infection - Effective Treatments

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Sinus Infection - Signs and Symptoms

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Sinus Infection (Sinusitis) - Surgery

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Sinus Infection (Sinusitis) - Experience

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Neti-Pot Home Remedy

A neti-pot is a ceramic pot used for nasal saline irrigation of the nasal passages. Saline irrigation involves flushing the nasal passages with a salt and water solution to thin the mucus and facilitate drainage of the sinuses. A Neti pot resembles a small teapot, shaped somewhat like the depictions of Aladdin's magic lamp. Ear, nose, and throat (ENT) specialists may recommend nasal irrigation with a Neti pot to help clear crusting in the nasal passages. Many people with chronic sinus symptoms use the Neti pot to alleviate congestion, facial pain and pressure, and reduce the need for antibiotics and nasal sprays. Nasal saline irrigation can safely be performed at home, but it is important to discuss this procedure with your physician. Mild side effects of Neti pot use can be nasal irritation and/or a stinging sensation.

SOURCE: Neti pot.

Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Sinusitis, Acute »

Sinusitis is characterized by inflammation of the lining of the paranasal sinuses.

Read More on Medscape Reference »

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