Sleep Disorders in Women (cont.)
Exams and Tests
If you are having sleeping problems, the first step is a detailed medical interview. You will be asked about your medical and psychological problems, physical symptoms, medications, family medical problems, menstrual and pregnancy history, work life, habits, and lifestyle. The next step is a physical examination.
- Polysomnography: Overnight sleep studies or polysomnograms may be done in a sleep disorders center, at home, or in a hospital. The machine records EEG (sleep patterns) breathing patterns, ECG, eye movements, and changes in muscle tone.
- Multiple sleep latency test (MSLT): MSLT measures the level of daytime sleepiness. It is performed during the day following a supervised overnight polysomnogram.
- Sleep log: A sleep log is a diary of your sleep-wake cycles. You will be asked to keep a 2-week diary of sleep and daytime sleepiness. This diary can be helpful in diagnosing circadian rhythm disorders as well as irregular sleep patterns.
Carmel Armon, MD, MHS, MSc
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