Sleepwalking Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Sleepwalking article.

Abate: To lessen or decrease. For example, after a boil is lanced, the pus can drain and t...

See the entire definition of Abate

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Allergy: A misguided reaction to foreign substances by the immune system, the body system ...

See the entire definition of Allergy

Antidepressants: Anything, and especially a drug, used to prevent or treat depression.

Antihistamines: Drugs that combat the histamine released during an allergic reaction by bl...

See the entire definition of Antihistamines

Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension and fear, characterized by physical symptoms such as pa...

See the entire definition of Anxiety

Apnea: The absence of breathing (respiration).

Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.

Asthma: A common lung disorder in which inflammation causes the bronchi to swell and narro...

See the entire definition of Asthma

Autonomic nervous system: A part of the nervous system that regulates key involuntary func...

See the entire definition of Autonomic nervous system

Bedwetting: Involuntary urination in bed. Bedwetting is called "enuresis," from the Gree...

See the entire definition of Bedwetting

Benzodiazepines: A class of drugs that act as tranquilizers and are commonly used in the t...

See the entire definition of Benzodiazepines

Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

See the entire definition of Breathing

Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

See the entire definition of Diagnosis

Differential diagnosis: The process of weighing the probability of one disease versus that...

See the entire definition of Differential diagnosis back to top

EEG: Electroencephalogram.

Epilepsy (seizure disorder): When nerve cells in the brain fire electrical impulses...

See the entire definition of Epilepsy

Esophagus: The tube that connects the pharynx (throat) with the stomach. The esophagus lie...

See the entire definition of Esophagus

Essential: In medicine, of unknown cause, as in essential hypertension (high blood pressur...

See the entire definition of Essential

Excessive daytime sleepiness: A neurological disorder in which there is a sudden recurrent...

See the entire definition of Excessive daytime sleepiness

Fear of the dark: Pathological fear of the dark, an abnormal and persistent dread of the d...

See the entire definition of Fear of the dark

Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

See the entire definition of Fever

Gastroesophageal: Pertaining to both the stomach and the esophagus, as in the gastroesopha...

See the entire definition of Gastroesophageal

Gastroesophageal reflux: The return of stomach contents back up into the esophagus This fr...

See the entire definition of Gastroesophageal reflux

Genetic: Having to do with genes and genetic
information.

Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

See the entire definition of Headache

Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

See the entire definition of Heart

Hippocrates: (c.460-377BC) Great Greek physician on the Mediterranean island of Cos, who f...

See the entire definition of Hippocrates

Hypnosis: A part of healing from ancient times. The induction of trance states and the use...

See the entire definition of Hypnosis

Imagery: Both a mental process (as in imagining) and a wide variety of procedures used in...

See the entire definition of Imagery back to top

Incidence: The frequency with which something, such as a disease or trait, appears in a pa...

See the entire definition of Incidence

Incontinence: The inability to control excretions, to hold urine in the bladder, or to kee...

See the entire definition of Incontinence

Incontinence of urine: Inability to hold urine in the bladder. This is due to failure of v...

See the entire definition of Incontinence of urine

Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

See the entire definition of Injury

Insomnia: The perception or complaint of inadequate or poor-quality sleep due to a number ...

See the entire definition of Insomnia

Internal medicine: The medical specialty dedicated to the diagnosis and medical treatment ...

See the entire definition of Internal medicine

Leg: In popular usage, the part of the body from the top of the thigh down to the foot, an...

See the entire definition of Leg

Magnesium: A mineral involved in many processes in the body including nerve signaling, the...

See the entire definition of Magnesium

Magnesium deficiency: Can occur due to inadequate intake or impaired intestinal absorption...

See the entire definition of Magnesium deficiency

Medical school: A school with a curriculum leading to a medical degree. The mission of eve...

See the entire definition of Medical school

Memory: 1. The ability to recover information about past events or knowledge. ...

See the entire definition of Memory

Menstruation: The periodic blood that flows as a discharge from the uterus. Also called me...

See the entire definition of Menstruation

Metabolism: The whole range of biochemical processes that occur within a living organism. ...

See the entire definition of Metabolism

Multiple personality disorder: A neurosis in which the personality becomes dissociated int...

See the entire definition of Multiple personality disorder

Neurologist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of th...

See the entire definition of Neurologist back to top

Neurology: The medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders o...

See the entire definition of Neurology

NHLBI: Stands for the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, one of the National Insti...

See the entire definition of NHLBI

NIH: National Institutes of Health.

Non-rapid eye movement sleep: NREM (non-rapid eye movement) sleep is dreamless sleep. Dur...

See the entire definition of Non-rapid eye movement sleep

NREM sleep: NREM (non-rapid eye movement) sleep is dreamless sleep. During NREM, the brai...

See the entire definition of NREM sleep

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA): Sleep apnea is a breathing disorder characterized by brief ...

See the entire definition of Obstructive sleep apnea

Panic: A sudden strong feeling of fear that prevents reasonable thought or action. The wor...

See the entire definition of Panic

Pediatric: Pertaining to children.

Pediatrics: The field of medicine that is concerned with the health of infants, children, ...

See the entire definition of Pediatrics

Personality disorder: A disorder characterized by the chronic use of mechanisms of coping ...

See the entire definition of Personality disorder

Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

See the entire definition of Pharmacy

Physiologic: Something that is normal, that is due neither to anything pathologic nor sign...

See the entire definition of Physiologic

Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

See the entire definition of Pregnancy

Psychiatric: Pertaining to or within the purview of psychiatry, the medical specialty conc...

See the entire definition of Psychiatric

Psychosis: In the general sense, a mental illness that markedly interferes with a person'...

See the entire definition of Psychosis back to top

Puberty: Adolescence, the period in which the human body first becomes capable of reproduc...

See the entire definition of Puberty

Recur: To occur again; to return. For example, a symptom, sign, or disease can recur.

Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission. The reappearance ...

See the entire definition of Recurrence

Reflux: The term used when liquid backs up into the esophagus from the stomach.

Resolution: In genetics, the degree of molecular detail on a physical map of DNA. Resoluti...

See the entire definition of Resolution

Respiratory: Having to do with respiration.

Restless legs: See: Restless leg syndrome.

Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

See the entire definition of Rule out

Seizure: Uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain, which may produce a physical conv...

See the entire definition of Seizure

Sleep: The body's rest cycle.

Sleep apnea: The temporary stoppage of breathing during sleep, often resulting in daytime ...

See the entire definition of Sleep apnea

Sleep disorders: Any disorder that affects, disrupts, or involves sleep. The most common...

See the entire definition of Sleep disorders

Sleepwalking: Purposeful moving, usually but not always including walking, while in a deep...

See the entire definition of Sleepwalking

Somnambulism: Sleepwalking. Purposeful moving, usually but not always including walking, ...

See the entire definition of Somnambulism

Stage: As regards cancer, the extent of a cancer, especially whether the disease has spre...

See the entire definition of Stage back to top

Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

See the entire definition of Stomach

Stool: The solid matter that is discharged in a bowel movement.

Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

See the entire definition of Stress

Sweating: The act of secreting fluid from the skin by the sweat (sudoriferous) glands. The...

See the entire definition of Sweating

Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Toddler: A young child who is learning to walk with short unsteady steps. The word toddle ...

See the entire definition of Toddler

Tricyclic antidepressants: One of a class of medications used to treat depression. The tri...

See the entire definition of Tricyclic antidepressants

Trigger: Something that either sets off a disease in people who are genetically predispose...

See the entire definition of Trigger

Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

See the entire definition of Urine back to top







Medical Dictionary