Small-Cell Lung Cancer (cont.)
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Palliative and terminal care
Because small-cell lung cancer is most frequently diagnosed in many people when it is not curable, palliative care becomes important. The goal of palliative and terminal care is to enhance the person's quality of life.
The patient may be given radiation therapy as palliative treatment to relieve symptoms caused by compression of the food pipe, windpipe, or superior vena cava.
Palliative care offers the patient emotional and physical comfort and relief from pain. Palliative care not only focuses on comfort but also addresses the concerns of the patient's family and loved ones. The patient's caregivers may include family and friends in addition to doctors and other health care professionals.
Palliative and terminal care is often given in a hospital, hospice, or nursing home; however, it can also be provided at home.
Other risk factors for lung cancer include asbestos, radon, and uranium exposure. Take precautions to reduce or eliminate exposure to such harmful substances.
Smoking cessation is associated with fewer respiratory infections and better lung function especially in limited stage small cell lung cancer. Smoking cessation can be aided with the use of nicotine gum, medicated nicotine sprays or inhalers, nicotine patches, and oral medications including including Chantix and buprion . In addition, group therapy and behavioral training further increase the chances of quitting.
For information about how to quit smoking, visit the following links:/p>
The success of treatment depends on the stage of small-cell lung cancer.
In approximately 65-70% of People with small-cell lung cancer, the disease has already spread to other organs of the body by the time small-cell lung cancer is diagnosed.
People with small-cell lung cancer in the advanced stage cannot be cured. They usually survive less than 1 year.
Treatment may be moderately successful for People with limited-stage disease. However, even with limited-stage disease, the median survival time is less than 2 years.
The overall 5-year survival rate for People with small-cell lung cancer is less than 20%.People with small cell lung cancer have the highest rate of developing a second primary cancer, usually in 5% to 10% percent of cases, but as high as 30%
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 8/17/2015
Michael Perry, MD, FACP
Shehnaz Shaikh, MD
Winston W Tan, MD
Mary L Windle, PharmD
Shreekanth V Karwande, MBBS
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