Font Size
A
A
A

Smokeless Tobacco (cont.)

Author and Editor

Author: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD

Editor: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

REFERENCES:

American Cancer Society. "Smokeless tobacco and how to quit."
<http://www.cancer.org/docroot/PED/content/PED_10_13X_Quitting_Smokeless_Tobacco.asp.>

Boffeta P, Hecht S, Gray N, Gupta P, Straif K. Smokeless tobacco and Cancer. Lancet Oncol 2008 Jul;9(7):667-75.

Gupta R, Gurm H, Bartholomew JR. Smokeless tobacco and cardiovascular risk. Arch Intern Med 2004 Sept;164(17):1845-9.

U.S. National Cancer Institute (NCI). "Smokeless tobacco and cancer, questions and answers."
<http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Tobacco/smokeless>


Last Editorial Review: 3/10/2010 4:06:01 PM

Must Read Articles Related to Smokeless Tobacco

Esophageal Cancer
Cancer of the Esophagus The esophagus is a muscular tube measuring 20-25 cm (8-10 in) long and 2-3 cm (0.75-1.25 in) wide that serves as a conduit for moving food and drink from the ....learn more >>
Cancer of the Mouth and Throat
Cancer of the Mouth and Throat Cancer of the mouth and throat may look like an ulcer or a sore on the tongue, lips, inside lining of the cheeks, and other structures. Tobacco use, sun exposur...learn more >>
Smoking (Cigarette)
Cigarette Smoking Cigarette smoking remains the leading cause of death and illness among Americans. Effects of smoking can cause cancers, emphysema, bronchitis, COPD, chronic cou...learn more >>





Medical Dictionary