Smoking and Coronary Artery Disease
People who smoke are more likely to develop angina, have a heart attack, and die from some form of heart disease.
Smoking also affects those around you. Secondhand smoke may increase other people's risk of coronary artery disease.
What are the benefits of quitting smoking?
Your risk of developing CAD drops relatively soon after you quit smoking. After your first year of not smoking, your risk of heart disease decreases by half. Also, your risk of having a heart attack decreases when you stop smoking.
When you quit smoking, you cut your risk of death even more by staying away from cigarettes for good. After 15 years of not smoking, your risk of death from heart disease is the same as if you had never smoked at all.
If you have had angioplasty or coronary artery bypass graft surgery to repair narrowed or blocked arteries, quitting smoking can decrease the risk of those arteries narrowing again. Your doctor will urge you to quit smoking so you get the most benefit from these procedures.
How do I quit smoking?
Quitting smoking is not easy. Many people have to try several times before they succeed. There are several methods for quitting smoking that have proven successful for thousands of people. Ask your doctor about nicotine replacement therapy (patches or gum that controls your nicotine craving), classes, and counseling. One of the secrets to quitting smoking is not to lose your determination to quit, even if you don't succeed right away.
For more information, see the topic Quitting Smoking.
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