Snakebite Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Snakebite article.

Absorption: Uptake. For example, intestinal absorption is the uptake of food (or other sub...

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Anaphylactic shock: A widespread and very serious allergic reaction. Symptoms include di...

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Ankle: The ankle joint is complex. It is made up of two joints: the true ankle joint and ...

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Antivenin: Antibodies created in the blood of a horse or sheep when the animal is injected...

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Blister: A collection of fluid underneath the top layer of skin (epidermis). There are man...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Cardiac: Having to do with the heart.

Cardiovascular: Relating to the circulatory system, which comprises the heart and blood ve...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Circulation: In medicine, the movement of fluid through the body in a regular or circuitou...

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Compartment syndrome: A condition in which there is swelling and an increase in pressure w...

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Complication: In medicine, an unanticipated problem that arises following, and is a result...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Duct: A walled passageway, such as a lymph duct, that carries fluid from one place to anot...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Epinephrine: A substance produced by the medulla (inside) of the adrenal gland. The name e...

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Extremity: An uttermost part of the body, such as a hand or a foot.

Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

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Forearm: The portion of the upper limb from the elbow to the wrist. The forearm has two bo...

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Frostbite: Damage to tissues from freezing due to the formation of ice crystals within cel...

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Gland: A group of cells that secrete a substance for use in the body. For example, the thy...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Hives: A raised, itchy area of skin that may be a sign of an allergic reaction. It can be ...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Internal bleeding: Bleeding inside the body that is not seen from the outside. Internal bl...

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Itching: An uncomfortable sensation in the skin that feels as if something is crawling on ...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Leg: In popular usage, the part of the body from the top of the thigh down to the foot, an...

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Limb: An arm or a leg.

Lymph: The almost colorless fluid that travels through the lymphatic system, carrying cell...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Necrosis: The death of living cells or tissues. Necrosis can be due, for example, to ische...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Poison: Any substance that can cause severe organ damage or death if ingested, breathed in...

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Poison control center: A special information center set up to inform people about how to r...

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Probability: The likelihood that something will happen. For example, a probability of less...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Proteins: Large molecules composed of one or more chains of amino acids in a specific orde...

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Rabies: A potentially fatal viral infection that attacks the central nervous system. Rabie...

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Rattlesnake bite: A poisonous bite by a member of the pit viper family. All rattlesnakes...

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Rhabdomyolysis: A condition in which skeletal muscle is broken down, releasing muscle enzy...

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Serum: The clear liquid that can be separated from clotted blood. Serum differs from plas...

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Shock: In medicine, a critical condition that is brought on by a sudden drop in blood flow...

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Snake bites: A bite of a venomous snake, such as a rattlesnake, copperhead, cottonmouth wa...

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Sprained ankle: See: Ankle sprain.

Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Systemic: Affecting the entire body. A systemic disease such as diabetes can affect the wh...

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Tetanus: An often fatal infectious disease that is caused by the bacterium Clostridium tet...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

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Tooth: One of the structures within the mouth that allow for biting and chewing. Teeth hav...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Venom: A poison, particularly one secreted by an animal. Examples are bee venom, snake ven...

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Venomous: 1. Full of venom. 2. Having venom, like some snakes and insects. ...

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Ventilator: A machine that mechanically assists a patient in the exchange of oxygen and ca...

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Vital: Necessary to maintain life. For example, breathing is a vital function.

Yawning: Involuntary opening of the mouth with respiration, breathing first inward, then o...

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NIH talks about Ebola on WebMD


Medical Dictionary