Solitary Pulmonary Nodule (cont.)
Solitary Pulmonary Nodule Surgery
The solitary pulmonary nodule should be surgically removed in patients who have a moderate-to-high risk for cancer and clinical signs that indicate that the nodule is malignant.
Solitary pulmonary nodule is removed surgically by either thoracotomy (open lung surgery) or a video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS).
- Thoracotomy involves making a cut in the chest wall and removing small wedges of lung tissue. Patients undergoing this procedure are usually required to stay in the hospital for several days afterward. This procedure has a small risk for mortality in patients with low surgical risk.
- Video-assisted thoracoscopy is performed with the help of a thoracoscope (a flexible, lighted tube with a tiny camera at the end) inserted into the chest through a small cut on the chest wall. The camera displays the image on a TV screen, and the surgeon uses the display to guide the operation. Its advantages over thoracotomy include a shorter recovery time and a smaller incision.
Solitary Pulmonary Nodule Prevention
Avoiding the possible causes may help prevent solitary pulmonary nodule formation. Possible avoidable causes include the following:
- Smoking: For information about how to quit smoking, visit the following links:
- Traveling to areas endemic for mycosis (for example, histoplasmosis, coccidioidomycosis, blastomycosis) or to areas with a high prevalence of tuberculosis
- Occupational exposure to risk factors for lung cancer (for example, asbestos, radon, nickel, chromium, vinyl chloride, polycyclic hydrocarbons)
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 2/9/2016
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