Sore Throat Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Sore Throat article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

See the entire definition of Abdominal

Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

See the entire definition of Abdominal pain

Abscess: A local accumulation of pus anywhere in the body. The following are some example...

See the entire definition of Abscess

Absorb: 1. To take something in, as through the skin or the intestine.
2....

See the entire definition of Absorb

Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

See the entire definition of Acetaminophen

Adenoids: A lump of lymphoid tissue of varying size, located behind the nose in a space ca...

See the entire definition of Adenoids

Airway: The path that air follows to get into and out of the lungs. The mouth and nose are...

See the entire definition of Airway

Antibiotic: A drug used to treat bacterial infections. Antibiotics have no effect on viral...

See the entire definition of Antibiotic

Antibody: An immunoglobulin, a specialized immune protein, produced because of the introdu...

See the entire definition of Antibody

Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

See the entire definition of Aspirin

Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

See the entire definition of Bacteria

Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Blood count: The calculated number of white or red blood cells (WBCs or RBCs) in a cubic m...

See the entire definition of Blood count

Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

See the entire definition of Breathing

Caffeine: A stimulant compound found naturally in coffee, tea, cocoa (chocolate), and kola...

See the entire definition of Caffeine back to top

Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

See the entire definition of Cancer

Chemotherapy: 1. In the original sense, a chemical that binds to and specifically k...

See the entire definition of Chemotherapy

Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

See the entire definition of Chronic

Common cold: A contagious viral upper respiratory tract infection. The common cold can be ...

See the entire definition of Common cold

Complication: In medicine, an unanticipated problem that arises following, and is a result...

See the entire definition of Complication

Cough: A rapid expulsion of air from the lungs, typically in order to clear the lung airwa...

See the entire definition of Cough

Coxsackie virus: See: Coxsackievirus.

Croup: An infection of the larynx, trachea, and bronchial tubes that occurs mainly in chil...

See the entire definition of Croup

Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

See the entire definition of Cure

Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that cau...

See the entire definition of Dehydration

Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

See the entire definition of Diagnosis

Drip: Short for intravenous drip, a device for administering a fluid drop-by-drop into a v...

See the entire definition of Drip

Dry mouth: The condition of not having enough saliva to keep the mouth wet. This is due to...

See the entire definition of Dry mouth

Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

See the entire definition of Emergency department

Epiglottis: The flap that covers the trachea during swallowing, so that food does not ente...

See the entire definition of Epiglottis back to top

Esophagus: The tube that connects the pharynx (throat) with the stomach. The esophagus lie...

See the entire definition of Esophagus

Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

See the entire definition of Fever

Flu: Flu is a colloquialism for influenza. The flu is an acute respiratory illness caused ...

See the entire definition of Flu

Gastroesophageal: Pertaining to both the stomach and the esophagus, as in the gastroesopha...

See the entire definition of Gastroesophageal

Gastroesophageal reflux: The return of stomach contents back up into the esophagus This fr...

See the entire definition of Gastroesophageal reflux

GERD: Gastroesophageal reflux disease.

Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

See the entire definition of Headache

Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

See the entire definition of Heart

Heart muscle: A type of muscle with unique features only found in the heart. The heart mus...

See the entire definition of Heart muscle

Heart valves: There are four heart valves. All are one-way valves. Blood entering the ...

See the entire definition of Heart valves

Herpes: A family of viruses. Herpes also refers to infection with one of the human herpesv...

See the entire definition of Herpes

Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

See the entire definition of Ibuprofen

Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Incubation period: In medicine, the time from the moment of exposure to an infectious agen...

See the entire definition of Incubation period

Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

See the entire definition of Indicate back to top

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

See the entire definition of Infection

Infectious mononucleosis: A specific viral infection (with the Epstein-Barr virus) in whic...

See the entire definition of Infectious mononucleosis

Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

See the entire definition of Inflammation

Intubation: The process of putting a tube into a hollow organ or passageway, often into th...

See the entire definition of Intubation

Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

See the entire definition of Kidney

Laryngitis: An inflammation of the larynx. Inflammation of the larynx is most often caused...

See the entire definition of Laryngitis

Larynx: A tube-shaped organ in the neck that contains the vocal cords. The larynx is about...

See the entire definition of Larynx

Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

See the entire definition of Lungs

Lymph: The almost colorless fluid that travels through the lymphatic system, carrying cell...

See the entire definition of Lymph

Malaise: A vague feeling of discomfort, one that cannot be pinned down but is often sensed...

See the entire definition of Malaise

Mono: Popular name for infectious mononucleosis.

See the entire definition of Mono

Mononucleosis: Infection with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV, human herpesvirus 4, HHV-4) in...

See the entire definition of Mononucleosis

Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

See the entire definition of Mouth

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

See the entire definition of Muscle

Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

See the entire definition of Nauseaback to top

Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

See the entire definition of Neck

Nose: The external midline projection from the face. The purpose of the nose is to warm, c...

See the entire definition of Nose

Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

See the entire definition of Onset

Oropharynx: The part of the throat that is at the back of the mouth, in contrast to the na...

See the entire definition of Oropharynx

Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

See the entire definition of Pain

Palate: The roof of the mouth. The front portion is bony (hard palate), and the back porti...

See the entire definition of Palate

Peritonsillar abscess: A collection of pus behind the tonsils that pushes one of the tonsi...

See the entire definition of Peritonsillar abscess

Pharyngitis: Inflammation of the pharynx. Pharyngitis is a common cause of sore throat.

Pharynx: The hollow tube that is about 5 inches long and starts behind the nose and ends a...

See the entire definition of Pharynx

Post-nasal drip: Mucous accumulation in the back of the nose and throat leading to or givi...

See the entire definition of Post-nasal drip

Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

See the entire definition of Pregnancy

Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

See the entire definition of Prognosis

Pus: A thick, whitish-yellow fluid that results from the accumulation of white blood cells...

See the entire definition of Pus

Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

See the entire definition of Rashback to top

Reflux: The term used when liquid backs up into the esophagus from the stomach.

Resolution: In genetics, the degree of molecular detail on a physical map of DNA. Resoluti...

See the entire definition of Resolution

Rheumatic fever: An illness that occurs following a streptococcus infection (such as a "st...

See the entire definition of Rheumatic fever

Runny nose: The production of extra mucus by the nose. Rhinorrhea is the medical term for ...

See the entire definition of Runny nose

Sinusitis: Inflammation of the lining membrane in any of the hollow areas (sinuses) of the...

See the entire definition of Sinusitis

Sleep: The body's rest cycle.

Soft palate: The muscular part of the roof of the mouth. The soft palate is directly behin...

See the entire definition of Soft palate

Sore: 1. (adjective) A popular term for painful, such as a sore throat. 2. (...

See the entire definition of Sore

Sore throat: Pain in the throat. Sore throat may be caused by many different causes, inclu...

See the entire definition of Sore throat

Spine: 1) The column of bone known as the vertebral column, which surrounds and protects ...

See the entire definition of Spine

Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

See the entire definition of Stomach

Strep: Very commonly used shortened form of Streptococcus, a very common and import...

See the entire definition of Strep

Strep throat: Strep throat is an infection caused by a type of bacteria called streptococc...

See the entire definition of Strep throat

Streptococcus: A group of bacteria that causes a multitude of diseases. Under a microscope...

See the entire definition of Streptococcus

Substance: 1. Material with particular features.
2. The material that...

See the entire definition of Substanceback to top

Supportive care: Treatment given to prevent, control, or relieve complications and side ef...

See the entire definition of Supportive care

Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

See the entire definition of Surgery

Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

See the entire definition of Symptom

Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

See the entire definition of Throat

Thrush: Yeast infection of the mouth and throat, characterized by patches of white, caused...

See the entire definition of Thrush

Tongue: A strong muscle that is anchored to the floor of the mouth. The tongue is covered ...

See the entire definition of Tongue

Tonsillectomy: The surgical removal of both 'tonsils.

Tonsillitis: Inflammation of one or both tonsils, typically as a result of infection by a ...

See the entire definition of Tonsillitis

Tonsils: Small masses of lymphoid tissue at the back and on both sides of the throat.

Trachea: A tube-like portion of the respiratory tract that connects the larynx with the br...

See the entire definition of Trachea

Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

See the entire definition of Urine

Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

See the entire definition of Viral

Virus: A microorganism that is smaller than a bacterium that cannot grow or reproduce apar...

See the entire definition of Virus

Viruses: Small living particles that can infect cells and change how the cells function. I...

See the entire definition of Virusesback to top

Windpipe: The trachea, a tube-like portion of the respiratory (breathing) tract that conne...

See the entire definition of Windpipeback to top






Medical Dictionary