Sore Throat (cont.)
Sore Throat Medical Treatment
Care of a sore throat involves treatment of pain, dehydration, or difficulty breathing (airway problems are common with croup or epiglottitis).
Antibiotics are not helpful when a virus is the cause of a sore throat.
Sometimes it is difficult to determine whether the cause is viral or bacterial, so antibiotics may be prescribed as a precaution. Rely on your physician's recommendation of whether atibiotics are needed.
Antibiotics speed the resolution of a strep throat by an average of only 1.5 days.
Antibiotics are helpful in preventing rheumatic fever (an uncommon but severe complication of a streptococcal infection, which may cause severe inflammation of the heart muscle and heart valves).
Corticosteroids can be helpful in the treatment of a few select types of sore throats. Although they impair immune function, the anti-inflammatory effect can be very useful. They are mostly used in cases of severe tonsillitis, eppiglottitis, or in cases of croup.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/13/2014
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