Sore Throat and Other Throat Problems (cont.)
There is no sure way to prevent a sore throat. To help reduce your risk:
- Drink enough fluids to prevent dehydration.
- Wash your hands often, especially when you are around people who are sick.
- Identify and avoid irritants, such as smoke, fumes, or yelling, that cause a sore throat.
- Do not smoke or use other tobacco products and avoid exposure to secondhand smoke. For more information, see the topic Quitting Smoking.
- Avoid contact with people who have strep throat.
- If you have mononucleosis, do not share eating or drinking utensils to prevent spreading the virus to others. A brief kiss on the lips is not likely to spread mono; it is spread when saliva from an infected person enters another person's mouth.
Preparing For Your Appointment
To prepare for your appointment, see the topic Making the Most of Your Appointment.
You can help your doctor diagnose and treat your condition by being ready to answer the following questions:
- When did your throat symptoms begin?
- Do you have a fever? Describe your fever pattern.
- Do other family members, friends, or coworkers have similar complaints?
- Do you have other symptoms associated with the sore throat, such as a head cold?
- What makes the pain worse?
- Have you had your tonsils removed?
- Have you been diagnosed with strep throat in the past? How long ago? Was it found during a doctor visit, with a rapid strep test or with a throat culture? How was it treated?
- What immunizations have you had?
- What home treatment have you tried? Did it help?
- What prescription and nonprescription medicines have you tried? Did they help?
- Do you have any health risks?