Spina Bifida (cont.)
Mark R Foster, MD, PhD
William O Shaffer, MD
IN THIS ARTICLE
Spina Bifida Causes
Both genetic factors (heredity) and environmental factors, such as nutrition and exposure to harmful substances, probably contribute to spina bifida. Spina bifida does seem to run in families, although with mixed patterns of inheritance. Having a child with spina bifida increases the chance that another child will also have spina bifida by 8 times. In about 95% of cases of spina bifida, however, there is no family history of neural tube defects.
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Spina Bifida - Diagnosis
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