Spinal Stenosis Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Spinal Stenosis article.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Anterior: The front, as opposed to the posterior. The anterior surface of the heart is tow...

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Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.

Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

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Bladder: A hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. The kidneys filter waste f...

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Bowel: The small and large intestine.

Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Cervical: Having to do with any kind of neck, including the neck on which the head is perc...

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Circulation: In medicine, the movement of fluid through the body in a regular or circuitou...

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Claudication: Limping. From the Latin claudicare, which means 'to limp.' The Roman emperor...

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Compression: 1. The act of pressing together. As in a compression fracture, nerve c...

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Cortisone: A naturally occurring adrenocorticoid hormone that is produced in minute amount...

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Decompression: 1. In general, the removal of pressure.
2. In surgery, ...

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Degenerative arthritis: A type of arthritis caused by inflammation, breakdown, and eventua...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Disc: Shortened terminology for an intervertebral disc, a disk-shaped piece of specialized...

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Epidural: Outside the dura, the outermost, toughest, and most fibrous of the three membran...

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Genetic: Having to do with genes and genetic
information.

Graft: Healthy skin, bone, kidney, liver, or other tissue that is taken from one part of t...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Lamina: Plates or layers. For example, the lamina arcus vertebrae are plates of bone withi...

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Laminectomy: A surgical procedure in which the posterior arch of a vertebra is removed. La...

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Lumbar: Referring to the five lumbar vertebrae, the disks below them, and the correspondin...

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Magnetic resonance imaging: A procedure that uses magnetism, radio waves, and a computer t...

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Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Naprelan: See: Naproxen.

Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Nerve compression: Pinching' of a nerve that is due to too much pressure on it. For exampl...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pelvis: The lower part of the abdomen, located between the hip bones. Structures in the fe...

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Physical therapy: A branch of rehabilitative health that uses specially designed exercises...

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Postoperative: After surgery. As opposed to preoperative, before surgery.

Postoperative care: Care given after surgery until the patient is discharged from the hosp...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Progressive: Increasing in scope or severity, advancing, or going forward. For example, a ...

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Radiculopathy: Any disease of the spinal nerve roots and spinal nerves. Radiculopathy is c...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Spinal cord: The major column of nerve tissue that is connected to the brain and lies with...

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Spinal cord compression: The act of exerting an abnormal amount of pressure on the spinal...

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Spinal stenosis: Narrowing of the spinal canal. Spinal stenosis is most commonly caused by...

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Spine: 1) The column of bone known as the vertebral column, which surrounds and protects ...

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Spondylolisthesis: Forward movement of one vertebra in relationship to an adjacent vertebr...

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Stenosis: A narrowing. For example, aortic stenosis is a narrowing of the aortic valve in ...

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Steroid: One of a large group of chemical substances classified by a specific carbon struc...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Thoracic: Pertaining to the chest. For example, the thoracic aorta is the part of the aort...

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Tomography: The process for generating a tomogram, a two-dimensional image of a slice or s...

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Trait: In genetics, a trait refers to any genetically determined characteristic. In techni...

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Vertebra: A vertebra is one of 33 bony segments that form the spinal column of humans. Th...

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Vertebrae: The preferred plural of vertebra. (The alternate plural is vertebras.) See also...

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Medical Dictionary