Sporotrichosis Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Sporotrichosis article.

Antibody: An immunoglobulin, a specialized immune protein, produced because of the introdu...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Biopsy: The removal of a sample of tissue for examination under a microscope to check for ...

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Blastomycosis: Infection with a fungus called Blastomyces dermatitidis. The infection caus...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Candidiasis: Disease caused by the yeast Candida albicans. Candida albicans can cause vagi...

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CDC: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US agency charged with tracking a...

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Cellulitis: A spreading bacterial infection underneath the skin surface characterized by r...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Complication: In medicine, an unanticipated problem that arises following, and is a result...

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Cowpox: A mild skin disease of milk cows, principally confined to the udder and teats, tha...

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Cutaneous: Related to the skin.

Cuts: Severed skin. Washing a cut or scrape with soap and water and keeping it clean and d...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Discharge: 1.The flow of fluid from part of the body, such as from the nose or vag...

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Drain: A device for removing fluid from a cavity or wound. A drain is typically a tube or ...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Fungal: Pertaining to a fungus. For example, a fungal skin infection.

Fungi: Plural of fungus.

Fungicidal: Capable of killing fungi.

Fungus: A single-celled or multicellular organism. Fungi can be true pathogens (such as hi...

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Garlic: A perennial herb of the lily family cultivated for its pungent, edible bulbs. Garl...

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Herpes: A family of viruses. Herpes also refers to infection with one of the human herpesv...

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Histoplasmosis: A disease caused by the fungus Histoplasma capsulatum. Most people with hi...

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HIV: Acronym for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, the cause of AIDS (acquired immunodefi...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune system: A complex system that is responsible for distinguishing a person from every...

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Incidence: The frequency with which something, such as a disease or trait, appears in a pa...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Iodide: The chemical form to which iodine in the diet is reduced before it is absorbed thr...

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Leg: In popular usage, the part of the body from the top of the thigh down to the foot, an...

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Leprosy: An infectious disease of the skin, nervous system, and mucous membranes that is c...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Lupus: A chronic inflammatory disease that is caused by autoimmunity. Patients with lupus ...

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Lymph: The almost colorless fluid that travels through the lymphatic system, carrying cell...

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Lymphatic: Pertaining to a small, thin channel that is similar to a blood vessel and that ...

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Meningitis: Inflammation of the meninges, the three membranes that envelop the brain and t...

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Microscope: An optical instrument that augments the power of the eye to see small objects....

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Mold: One of a large group of fungi that can proliferate on food or in moist areas. Househ...

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Nodule: A small collection of tissue that is palpable (can be felt) at any level of the sk...

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Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pathogen: An agent of disease. For example, Bacillus anthracis is the pathogen that causes...

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Pediatric: Pertaining to children.

Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

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Potassium: The major positive ion (cation) found inside cells. The chemical notation for p...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Progressive: Increasing in scope or severity, advancing, or going forward. For example, a ...

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Sarcoidosis: A disease of unknown origin that causes small lumps (granulomas) due to chron...

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Sinus: 1. An air-filled cavity in a dense portion of a skull bone. The sinuses decr...

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Sore: 1. (adjective) A popular term for painful, such as a sore throat. 2. (...

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Sporotrichosis: An infection caused by the fungus Sporothrix schenckii, typically involvin...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Tinea capitis: A fungal infection (known as ringworm) of the scalp. This disorder occurs m...

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Tuberculosis: A highly contagious infection caused by the bacterium called Mycobacterium ...

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Ulcer: A lesion that is eroding away the skin or mucous membrane. Ulcers can have various ...

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