Font Size
A
A
A
1
...

Sprains and Strains

Sprains and Strains Facts

  • Sprains and strains are common orthopedic injuries. A sprain is an injury to a ligament, and a strain is an injury to a muscle or tendon.
  • A sprain is usually caused by trauma to a joint. A strain is usually the result of overstretching or overuse of muscles and tendons.
  • People at higher risk for sprains and strains include athletes, people who have had sprains and strains before, and those who are overweight.
  • Signs and symptoms of sprains and strains include pain, swelling, bruising, and decreased range of motion.
  • The main treatment (first aid) for all sprains and strains is RICE: rest, ice, compression, and elevation.
  • Home remedies may include over-the-counter pain relievers. Physical therapy or massage may also be prescribed.
  • Most sprains and strains heal completely with adequate treatment, though you will be at higher risk of re-injuring the same area again.
  • Prevent sprains and strains by stretching and conditioning, wearing the proper shoes for sports, and maintaining a healthy weight.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 2/5/2015

Must Read Articles Related to Sprains and Strains

Achilles Tendon Rupture
Achilles Tendon Rupture The Achilles tendon, or tendon calcaneus, is a large ropelike band of fibrous tissue in the back of the ankle that connects the powerful calf muscles to the hee...learn more >>
Leg Pain
Leg Pain There are a variety of causes of leg pain. Some of the common causes include fractures, strains, sprains, bleeding, diseases such as gout, peripheral artery dis...learn more >>
Muscle Strain
Muscle Strain Muscle strain or muscle pull or even a muscle tear implies damage to a muscle or its attaching tendons. Symptoms and signs include swelling, bruising, pain, and...learn more >>

Patient Comments & Reviews

The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Sprains and Strains:

Sprains and Strains - Treatment

What treatment was effective for your sprain or strain?

Sprains and Strains - Causes

What caused your sprain or strain?




Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Lumbosacral Spine Sprain/Strain Injuries »

Low back pain (LBP) is a well-known health concern in the United States.

Read More on Medscape Reference »