Sprains and Strains Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Sprains and Strains article.

Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Ankle: The ankle joint is complex. It is made up of two joints: the true ankle joint and ...

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Artery: A vessel that carries blood high in oxygen content away from the heart to the far...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Cast: 1) A protective shell of fiberglass, plastic, or plaster, and bandage that is molde...

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Circulation: In medicine, the movement of fluid through the body in a regular or circuitou...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Drain: A device for removing fluid from a cavity or wound. A drain is typically a tube or ...

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Elbow: The juncture of the long bones in the middle portion of the upper extremity. The bo...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Knee: The knee is a joint which has three parts. The thigh bone (the femur) meets the lar...

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Leg: In popular usage, the part of the body from the top of the thigh down to the foot, an...

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Ligament: A tough band of connective tissue that connects various structures, such as two ...

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Limb: An arm or a leg.

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Operation: In medicine, a surgical procedure. Many operations are named after persons. The...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

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Physical therapy: A branch of rehabilitative health that uses specially designed exercises...

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Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Range of motion: The full movement potential of a joint, usually its range of flexion and ...

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Rehabilitation: The process of helping a person who has suffered an illness or injury rest...

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Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

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Rupture: A break or tear in any organ (such as the spleen) or soft tissue (such as the ach...

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Spasm: A brief, automatic jerking movement. A muscle spasm can be quite painful, with the ...

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Sprain: An injury to a ligament that results from overuse or trauma. The treatment of a sp...

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Strain: 1. An injury to a tendon or muscle resulting from overuse or trauma. 2. A heredita...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Tear: A drop of the salty secretion of the lacrimal glands which serves to moisten the con...

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Tendon: The soft tissue by which muscle attaches to bone. Tendons are somewhat flexible, b...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Wrist: The part of the hand that is nearest the forearm and consists of the carpal bones a...

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