Sprains and Strains Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Sprains and Strains article.

Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Acupuncture: The practice of inserting needles into the body to reduce pain or induce anes...

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Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: The professional organization of American orthop...

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Ankle: The ankle joint is complex. It is made up of two joints: the true ankle joint and ...

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Ankle joint: A joint that is composed of three bones: the tibia, the fibula, and the talus...

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Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Chiropractic: A system of diagnosis and treatment based on the concept that the nervous sy...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Compression: 1. The act of pressing together. As in a compression fracture, nerve c...

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Conditioning: 1) Exercise and practice to build the body up for either improved normal pe...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Elbow: The juncture of the long bones in the middle portion of the upper extremity. The bo...

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Extremity: An uttermost part of the body, such as a hand or a foot.

Fracture: A break in bone or cartilage. Although usually a result of trauma, a fracture ca...

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Glucosamine: A molecule derived from the sugar glucose by the addition of an amino group. ...

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Hamstring: One of the prominent tendons at the back of the knee. The hamstrings are the si...

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Homeopathic: Pertaining to homeopathy.

Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Knee: The knee is a joint which has three parts. The thigh bone (the femur) meets the lar...

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Ligament: A tough band of connective tissue that connects various structures, such as two ...

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Lumbar: Referring to the five lumbar vertebrae, the disks below them, and the correspondin...

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Magnetic resonance imaging: A procedure that uses magnetism, radio waves, and a computer t...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Normal range: Characteristic of 95 percent of values from a normal population. The remaini...

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Overweight: The term "overweight" is used in two different ways. In one sense it is a way ...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Physical therapy: A branch of rehabilitative health that uses specially designed exercises...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Range of motion: The full movement potential of a joint, usually its range of flexion and ...

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Remedy: Something that consistently helps treat or cure a disease.

Shoulder: A structure made up of two main bones: the scapula (shoulder blade) and the hume...

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Spasm: A brief, automatic jerking movement. A muscle spasm can be quite painful, with the ...

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Spine: 1) The column of bone known as the vertebral column, which surrounds and protects ...

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Sprain: An injury to a ligament that results from overuse or trauma. The treatment of a sp...

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Strain: 1. An injury to a tendon or muscle resulting from overuse or trauma. 2. A heredita...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Tear: A drop of the salty secretion of the lacrimal glands which serves to moisten the con...

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Tendon: The soft tissue by which muscle attaches to bone. Tendons are somewhat flexible, b...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Thigh: The thick, muscular portion of the leg that extends from the hip to the knee. The t...

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Tired: A feeling of a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency of accomplishment,...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Turmeric: A spice with anti-inflammatory effects. The active ingredient is curcumin, which...

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Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Vitamin C: An essential nutrient found mainly in fruits and vegetables. The body requires ...

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Wrist: The part of the hand that is nearest the forearm and consists of the carpal bones a...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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Zinc: A mineral that is essential to the body and is a constituent of many enzymes that pe...

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