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Sprains and Strains (cont.)

Symptoms and Signs of Sprains and Strains

Sprains tend to have symptoms more localized to the injured joint. When the joint is injured, it's possible to feel a tear or pop in the joint. Pain is usually immediate, and depending on the severity of the injury, it may not be possible to use the joint. Signs and symptoms of sprains include

  • pain,
  • swelling,
  • bruising,
  • instability of the joint,
  • decreased range of motion.

Strains, whether acute or chronic, have symptoms localized to the muscle groups or tendons that are injured. Pain can be over a small area, or a larger area, such as a group of muscles. Pain can be immediate in an acute strain, or it may be delayed in the case of an overuse injury. Signs and symptoms of strains include

  • pain,
  • inflammation,
  • muscle spasm,
  • muscle cramping,
  • muscle weakness,
  • bruising may occur but may be delayed for several days.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 2/5/2015

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