Sprains and Strains (cont.)
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Diagnosis of Sprains and Strains
Most sprains and strains are diagnosed by a history and physical exam. A doctor will examine the joint or muscle group and move them through their normal range of motion, looking for pain, tenderness, weakness, or instability.
If there is a possibility of a bone injury or fracture, an X-ray may be ordered. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is sometimes necessary to determine the exact extent of the injury because strains and sprains occur in soft tissue and do not show up on routine X-rays.
A doctor will determine the severity of a sprain or strain injury by degree.
Degrees of sprains, from mild to severe
Degrees of strains, from mild to severe
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 2/5/2015
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