Staph Infection Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Staph Infection article.

Acquired: Not inherited, or present at birth (congenital), but developing after birth. For...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat bacterial infections. Antibiotics have no effect on viral...

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Antibiotic resistance: The ability of bacteria and other microorganisms to resist the effe...

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Bacteremia: The presence of live bacteria in the bloodstream. Bacteremia is analogous to ...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Biofilm: An aggregate of microbes with a distinct architecture. A biofilm is like a tiny c...

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Blister: A collection of fluid underneath the top layer of skin (epidermis). There are man...

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Blood poisoning: The medical term is "septicemia." No matter which of these two terms-b...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Boil: A skin abscess that forms at a hair follicle infected with pus-forming bacteria. The...

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Bullae: More than one bulla, a bulla being a blister more than 5 mm (about 3/16 inch) in d...

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Catheter: A thin, flexible tube.

CDC: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US agency charged with tracking a...

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Cellulitis: A spreading bacterial infection underneath the skin surface characterized by r...

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Coccus: A bacterial cell that has the shape of a sphere. Coccus is part of the name of a n...

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Contagious: capable of being transmitted from one human to another human via direct or ind...

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Cuts: Severed skin. Washing a cut or scrape with soap and water and keeping it clean and d...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

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Endocarditis: an inflammation of one or more of the heart valves and lining tissues of the...

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Enzyme: Proteins that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction in a living organism. An e...

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Enzymes: Proteins that act as a catalysts in mediating and speeding a specific chemical re...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Folliculitis: An infection or inflammation of the hair follicles of the skin. Inflammation...

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Food poisoning: The illness resulting from eating food or drinking water containing poison...

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Furuncle: Is also known as a "boil." A boil is a tender, dome-shaped skin lesion caused by...

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Gastrointestinal: Adjective referring collectively to the stomach and small and large inte...

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Gastrointestinal tract: The stomach and intestines. Abbreviated GI tract.

Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart valves: There are four heart valves. All are one-way valves. Blood entering the ...

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Hemolytic: Referring to hemolysis, the destruction of red blood cells which leads to the r...

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HIV: Acronym for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, the cause of AIDS (acquired immunodefi...

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Hygiene: The science of preventive medicine and the preservation of health. Also commonly ...

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Hypotension: Any blood pressure that is below the normal expected for an individual in a ...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune response: Any reaction by the immune system. For example, poison ivy can cause an i...

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Immune system: A complex system that is responsible for distinguishing a person from every...

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Impetigo: A skin infection caused by the staphylococcus or, less often, by the streptococc...

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Incision: A cut through skin or other tissue performed by a health care professional.

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Intervention: The act of intervening, interfering or interceding with the intent of modify...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Low blood pressure: Any blood pressure that is below the normal expected for an individua...

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Methicillin: A semisynthetic penicillin-related antibiotic, also known as Staphcillin, tha...

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MRSA infection: Frequently used abbreviation for: Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aur...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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NIH: National Institutes of Health.

Nose: The external midline projection from the face. The purpose of the nose is to warm, c...

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Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

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Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

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Osteomyelitis: Inflammation of the bone due to infection, for example, by the bacteria sal...

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Pathogenic: Capable of causing disease. For example, pathogenic E. coli are Eschericia col...

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Phagocytosis: The process by which a cell engulfs particles such as bacteria, other microo...

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Pimple: An inflamed area of the skin with pus formation that results from an oil gland bei...

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Pneumonia: Inflammation of one or both lungs, with dense areas of lung inflammation. Pneum...

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Poisoning: Taking a substance that is injurious to health or can cause death. Poisoning i...

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Postoperative: After surgery. As opposed to preoperative, before surgery.

Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Prosthetic: Referring to a prosthesis, an artificial substitute or replacement of a part o...

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Protein: One of the three nutrients used as energy sources (calories) by the body. Protein...

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Proteins: Large molecules composed of one or more chains of amino acids in a specific orde...

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Pus: A thick, whitish-yellow fluid that results from the accumulation of white blood cells...

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Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

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Red blood cells: The blood cells that carry oxygen. Red cells contain hemoglobin and it is...

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Resistance: Opposition to something, or the ability to withstand something. For example, s...

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Scalded skin syndrome: A potentially serious side effect of infection with the Staph (S...

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Sepsis: The presence of bacteria (bacteremia), other infectious organisms, or toxins creat...

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Septic: Infected, or denoting infection. For example, septic shock is shock that is caused...

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Shock: In medicine, a critical condition that is brought on by a sudden drop in blood flow...

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Staph: Very commonly used shortened form of Staphylococcus, a very common and important gr...

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Staph infection: A staph infection is an infection with a Staphylococcal bacteria.

Staphylococcus: A group of bacteria that cause a multitude of diseases. Under a microscope...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Sweat: A colorless transparent acidic fluid with a distinctive odor secreted by the small ...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Toxic shock: See Toxic shock syndrome.

Toxic shock syndrome: A grave condition occurring predominantly in menstruating women usin...

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Toxin: A poison produced by certain animals, plants, or bacteria.

Viable: Capable of life. For example, a viable premature baby is one who is able to surviv...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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Medical Dictionary