Font Size
A
A
A
2
...

Staphylococcus (cont.)

What Diseases Are Caused by Staphylococcus?

Almost any organ system can be infected by S. aureus. Most frequently, S. aureus strains first infect the skin and it structures (for example, sebaceous glands, hair follicles) or invades damaged skin (cuts, abrasions). Sometimes the infections are relatively limited (such as a sty, boil, furuncle, or carbuncle), but other times they may spread to other skin areas (causing cellulitis, folliculitis, or impetigo). Unfortunately, these bacteria can reach the bloodstream (bacteremia) and end up in many different body sites, causing infections (wound infections, abscesses, osteomyelitis, endocarditis, pneumonia) that may severely harm or kill the infected person.

S. aureus strains also produce enzymes and exotoxins (both secreted by staph) that likely cause or increase the severity of certain diseases. Such diseases include food poisoning, septic shock, toxic shock syndrome, and scalded skin syndrome. S. epidermidis strains, which usually do not cause infections, can cause infections in people whose immune system is suppressed. Patients that have any type of indwelling catheter or implanted device are also known to get S. epidermidis infections.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 6/11/2014

Must Read Articles Related to Staphylococcus

Chickenpox
Chickenpox Chickenpox, also known as varicella, is a highly contagious infection that affects children. Most infections occur between the ages of 5-10 years and usually st...learn more >>
Epiglottitis
Epiglottitis Epiglottitis a medical emergency and death may result if not treated promptly. Causes of epiglottitis include infectious, traumatic, and chemical agents. Sympto...learn more >>
Life-Threatening Skin Rashes
Life-Threatening Skin Rashes Rashes are very common conditions and can have many causes. Most rashes are not dangerous but rather are merely nuisance illnesses. Life-threatening skin rashes...learn more >>

Patient Comments & Reviews

The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Staph Infection:

Staph Infection - Experience

Please describe your experience with staph infection.

Staph Infection - Length Symptoms Lasted

How long did the symptoms of your staph infection last?

Staph Infection - Treatment

What was the treatment for your staph infection?




Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Staphylococcal Infections »

Staphylococcal infections are usually caused by the organism Staphylococcus aureus.

Read More on Medscape Reference »


Medical Dictionary