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Staph Infection Treatment
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There are two main categories of treatment for staph infections, surgical and antibiotic treatment. In most patients that require surgical treatment, antibiotic treatment is also required. Pus drainage is the main surgical treatment; however, surgical removal of sources of infection (for example, intravenous lines, artificial grafts, heart valves, or pacemakers) may be required. Other sites of infection such as joint infections (especially in children), osteomyelitis, or postoperative abscesses may require surgery. Any tissue site that continues to shed staph may require surgical intervention.
There are many antibiotics (for example, nafcillin, cefazolin, dicloxacillin, clindamycin, or bactrim) that are effective against staph if the bacteria are shown to be non-MRSA staph. However, MRSA organisms usually require other antibiotics; minor skin infections may be treated with mupirocin (bactroban), but serious MRSA infections are usually treated with two or more antibiotics (for example, vancomycin, linezolid, rifampin, sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim, and others).
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