Staying Well With Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Staying Well With Multiple Sclerosis (MS) article.

Acupuncture: The practice of inserting needles into the body to reduce pain or induce anes...

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Aerobic: Oxygen-requiring. Aerobic bacteria need oxygen to grow. Aerobic exercise requires...

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Aerobic exercise: Brisk exercise that promotes the circulation of oxygen through the blood...

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Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension and fear, characterized by physical symptoms such as pa...

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Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Bladder: A hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. The kidneys filter waste f...

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Bone density: Bone density is the amount of bone tissue in a certain volume of bone. It ca...

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Bowel: The small and large intestine.

Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Chronic illness: An illness that lasts 3 months or more.

Corticosteroid: Any of the steroid hormones made by the outer portion (cortex) of the adre...

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Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

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Depression: An illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and that affects the way...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Grief: The normal process of reacting to a loss. The loss may be physical (such as a death...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune system: A complex system that is responsible for distinguishing a person from every...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Meditation: A typically self-directed practice for relaxing the body and calming the mind....

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Memory: 1. The ability to recover information about past events or knowledge. ...

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Multiple sclerosis: A disease that is characterized by loss of myelin (demyelinization). A...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Neurologist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of th...

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Nutritionist: 1) In a hospital or nursing home, a person who plans and/or formulates spe...

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Osteoporosis: Thinning of the bones, with reduction in bone mass, due to depletion of calc...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Physical therapist: A person who is trained and certified by a state or accrediting body t...

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Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Pulse: The rhythmic dilation of an artery that results from beating of the heart. Pulse is...

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Quality of life: The patient's ability to enjoy normal life activities. Quality of life is...

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Red blood cells: The blood cells that carry oxygen. Red cells contain hemoglobin and it is...

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Rehabilitation: The process of helping a person who has suffered an illness or injury rest...

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Relapse: The return of signs and symptoms of a disease after a remission.

Respiration: The act of inhaling and exhaling air in order to exchange oxygen for carbon d...

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Sclerosis: Localized hardening of skin. Sclerosis is generally caused by underlying diseas...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Tension: 1) The pressure within a vessel, such as blood pressure: the pressure within t...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Tired: A feeling of a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency of accomplishment,...

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Tiredness: See: Tired.

Urinary: Having to do with the function or anatomy of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or ur...

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Urinary tract: The organs of the body that produce, store, and discharge urine. These orga...

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Vitamin A: Vitamin A is retinol. Carotene compounds (found, for example, in egg yolk, butt...

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Vitamin A deficiency: A lack of vitamin A.

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Vitamin C: An essential nutrient found mainly in fruits and vegetables. The body requires ...

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Vitamin D: A steroid vitamin which promotes the intestinal absorption and metabolism of ca...

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Vitamin E: Alpha-tocopherol, an antioxidant vitamin which binds oxygen free radicals that ...

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