Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
Some people with multiple sclerosis look into alternative forms of therapy, including many who are already on medications. Because most people who have
multiple sclerosis should be using prescription medication under the supervision of their doctor, alternative therapies are usually used as complementary therapies, meaning that these therapies complement the traditional therapy.
Although no definitive studies exist showing that vitamin supplements help
multiple sclerosis, their use is not contraindicated unless they are taken in excess. Before taking any vitamin supplement, however, be sure to check with the doctor. Certain supplements are not recommended for people with multiple sclerosis. For example, a supplement that is supposed to boost immune function may be dangerous for people with
multiple sclerosis because an overactive immune system is likely the cause of symptoms in
multiple sclerosis. A brief overview of some supplements that may, in theory, be beneficial in
multiple sclerosis follows:
Vitamin D: It has been questioned if multiple sclerosis is more prevalent in the most northern latitudes because of decreased exposure to sunlight, which is necessary for the body's production of vitamin D. This vitamin may help maintain
bone density. Some people with
multiple sclerosis have low bone density as a side effect of corticosteroid treatment and are at an increased risk for
osteoporosis; vitamin D helps strengthen bones.
Vitamin E: Vitamin E could, in theory, help decrease the damage caused by substances called oxidants that may be involved in the
multiple sclerosis disease process.
Vitamin A: Vitamin A is necessary for vision, and people with multiple sclerosis often experience visual problems. Intake of vitamin A likely helps people with
multiple sclerosis that also have a vitamin A deficiency.
Vitamin C: Vitamin C can reduce the risk of urinary tract infections (UTIs). Because people with
multiple sclerosis who also have bladder problems tend to have an increased risk of UTIs, vitamin C may be beneficial.
Ginkgo biloba: This herb claims to boost memory, but it may also cause clotting problems. Ginkgo biloba should be used in caution or not at all if the person with
multiple sclerosis is also taking aspirin-containing drugs or other blood thinners.
Vitamin B-12: Vitamin B-12 is required for the proper function of the nervous system and the production of red blood cells. People with B-12 deficiency may have signs and symptoms that may resemble
multiple sclerosis. For people with multiple sclerosis who do not have a low B-12 level, no strong evidence exists that shows taking vitamin B-12 supplements is beneficial.
Some people claim that acupuncture may help reduce the severity of their
multiple sclerosis symptoms, including pain, numbness, fatigue, anxiety, and depression.