Steroids Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Steroids article.

Acne: Localized skin inflammation as a result of overactivity of the oil glands at the bas...

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Addiction: An uncontrollable craving, seeking, and use of a substance such as alcohol or a...

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Adrenal gland: A small gland located on top of the kidney. The adrenal glands produce horm...

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Aldosterone: A hormone produced by the outer portion (cortex) of the adrenal gland. Aldost...

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Androgen: A male sex hormone that promotes the development and maintenance of the male s...

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Androgenic: Pertaining to the development of male characteristics, including body hair, th...

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Androstenedione: A steroid produced in the adrenal gland that is a precursor to testostero...

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Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

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Asthma: A common lung disorder in which inflammation causes the bronchi to swell and narro...

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Atrophy: A wasting away or diminution. Muscle atrophy is a decrease in muscle mass, often ...

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Baldness: Medically known as alopecia. There are many types of baldness, each with a diffe...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Bowel: The small and large intestine.

Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Caffeine: A stimulant compound found naturally in coffee, tea, cocoa (chocolate), and kola...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Cardiac: Having to do with the heart.

Cardiomyopathy: Disease of the heart muscle (myocardium).

Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Cholesterol: The most common type of steroid in the body. Cholesterol has a reputation for...

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Corticosteroid: Any of the steroid hormones made by the outer portion (cortex) of the adre...

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Cortisol: A metabolite of the primary stress hormone cortisone. Cortisol is an essential f...

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Depression: An illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and that affects the way...

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Dermatitis: Inflammation of the skin, either due to an inherent skin defect, direct contac...

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Designer steroid: A synthetic steroid derived by simple chemical modification from another...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Estrogen: A female steroid hormone that is produced by the ovaries and, in lesser amounts,...

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Gland: A group of cells that secrete a substance for use in the body. For example, the thy...

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Growth hormone: A hormone made in the pituitary gland that stimulates the release of anoth...

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Gynecomastia: Excessive development of the male breasts. Temporary enlargement of the brea...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart attack: The death of heart muscle due to the loss of blood supply. The loss of bloo...

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Heart failure: Inability of the heart to keep up with the demands on it and, specifically...

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Heart muscle: A type of muscle with unique features only found in the heart. The heart mus...

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High blood pressure: A repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg. Chro...

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Hormone: A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activit...

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Human growth: See: Normal growth.

Hypertrophy: Enlargement or overgrowth of an organ or part of the body due to the increase...

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Infertility: Diminished or absent ability to conceive and bear offspring. A couple is cons...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Inflammatory bowel disease: A group of chronic intestinal diseases characterized by infla...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Lupus: A chronic inflammatory disease that is caused by autoimmunity. Patients with lupus ...

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Manic: In a state of mania.

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Menstrual: Pertaining to menstruation (the menses), as in last menstrual period, menstrua...

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Menstrual cycle: The monthly cycle of changes in the ovaries and the lining of the uteru...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

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Ovary: The female gonad, one of a pair of reproductive glands in women. The ovaries are lo...

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Oxymetholone: A synthetic male steroid hormone that is sometimes used to treat wasting in ...

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Palpitations: Unpleasant sensations of irregular and/or forceful beating of the heart. In ...

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Pituitary: 1. As an adjective, pertaining to the pituitary gland or its hormonal se...

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Pituitary gland: The main endocrine gland. It is a small structure in the head. It is ca...

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Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Protein: One of the three nutrients used as energy sources (calories) by the body. Protein...

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Psychiatric: Pertaining to or within the purview of psychiatry, the medical specialty conc...

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Rheumatoid arthritis: An autoimmune disease characterized by chronic inflammation of joint...

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Sodium: The major positive ion (cation) in the fluid surrounding cells in the body. The ch...

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Sperm: A sperm is the male "gamete" or sex cell. It combines with the female &qu...

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Steroid: One of a large group of chemical substances classified by a specific carbon struc...

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Steroid abuse: Use of substances containing steroids to increase muscle mass. Steroids can...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Stroke: The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood...

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Systemic: Affecting the entire body. A systemic disease such as diabetes can affect the wh...

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Systemic lupus erythematosus: A chronic inflammatory condition caused by an autoimmune di...

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Testicles: The testicles (also called testes or gonads) are the male sex glands. They are ...

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Testis: The male sex gland, located behind the penis in a pouch of skin called the scrotum...

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Testosterone: A "male hormone" -- a sex hormone produced by the testes that encourages th...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Medical Dictionary