Stomach Cancer Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Stomach Cancer article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

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Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal cavity: The cavity within the abdomen, the space between the abdominal wall and...

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Absorb: 1. To take something in, as through the skin or the intestine.
2....

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Adenocarcinoma: A cancer that develops in the lining or inner surface of an organ and usua...

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Anemia: The condition of having a lower-than-normal number of red blood cells or quantity ...

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Barium: 1. A metallic element belonging to the alkaline earths with an atomic numbe...

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Barium swallow: A test that involves filling the esophagus, stomach, and small intestines ...

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Benign: Not malignant. A benign tumor is one that does not invade surrounding tissue or sp...

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Biopsy: The removal of a sample of tissue for examination under a microscope to check for ...

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Bowel: The small and large intestine.

Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Cancer symptoms: Abnormal sensations or conditions that persons can notice that are a resu...

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Carcinoma: Cancer that begins in the skin or in tissues that line or cover body organs. Ex...

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Chemotherapy: 1. In the original sense, a chemical that binds to and specifically k...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chest X-ray: A type of X-ray commonly used to detect abnormalities in the lungs. A chest X...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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CT scan: Computerized tomography scan. Pictures of structures within the body created by a...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Duodenal: Pertaining to the duodenum, part of the small intestine. As in duodenal ulcer or...

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Duodenal ulcer: A crater (ulcer) in the lining of the beginning of the small intestine (du...

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Endoscopy: Examination of the inside of the body by using a lighted, flexible instrument c...

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Enzymes: Proteins that act as a catalysts in mediating and speeding a specific chemical re...

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Esophageal: Related to the esophagus.

Esophagus: The tube that connects the pharynx (throat) with the stomach. The esophagus lie...

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Family history: The family structure and relationships within the family, including inform...

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Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Gastric: Having to do with the stomach.

Gastritis: Inflammation of the stomach.

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Gastroenterology: The medical specialty devoted to the study, diagnosis and treatment of d...

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Gastrointestinal: Adjective referring collectively to the stomach and small and large inte...

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Gastroscope: A flexible, lighted instrument that is put through the mouth and esophagus to...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Helicobacter pylori: A bacterium that causes stomach inflammation (gastritis) and ulcers i...

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Incidence: The frequency with which something, such as a disease or trait, appears in a pa...

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Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Intestine: The long, tubelike organ in the abdomen that completes the process of digestion...

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Iron: An essential mineral. Iron is necessary for the transport of oxygen (via hemoglobin ...

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Iron deficiency anemia: A common form of nutritional disorder, iron deficiency results in...

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Liter: A metric measure of capacity that is equal to the volume of 1 kilogram of water at ...

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Lymph: The almost colorless fluid that travels through the lymphatic system, carrying cell...

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Metastasize: The spread from one part of the body to another. When cancer cells metastasiz...

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Muscular: Having to do with the muscles. Also, endowed with above average muscle developme...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Neoplastic: Pertaining to a tumor or the process of tumor formation.

Obstruction: Blockage of a passageway. See, for example: Airway obstruction; Intestinal o...

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Pancreas: A spongy, tube-shaped organ that is about 6 inches long and is located in the ba...

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Peptic ulcer: An ulcer in the lining of the stomach, duodenum, or esophagus. Peptic ulcers...

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Pernicious anemia: Low red blood cell count caused by inadequate vitamin B12. Abbreviated ...

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Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

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Primary tumor: A tumor that is at the original site where it first arose. For example, a p...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Progressive: Increasing in scope or severity, advancing, or going forward. For example, a ...

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Radiation: 1. Rays of energy. Gamma rays and X-rays are two of the types of energy ...

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Reservoir: 1. A place where something such as water is kept in reserve.
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Risk factor: Something that increases a person's chances of developing a disease. For exam...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Small bowel: Another name for the small intestine.

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Small intestine: The part of the digestive tract that extends from the stomach to the larg...

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Spleen: An organ that is located in the upper-left part of the abdomen, not far from the s...

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Stage: As regards cancer, the extent of a cancer, especially whether the disease has spre...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Stomach cancer: Cancer of the stomach, the main organ that holds food for digestion. World...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be ...

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Ulcer: A lesion that is eroding away the skin or mucous membrane. Ulcers can have various ...

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Ulceration: The process or fact of being eroded away, as by an ulcer.

Weight loss: Weight loss is a decrease in body weight resulting from either voluntary (die...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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