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Stomach Cancer (cont.)

Diagnosis

Two procedures are used in the diagnosis of stomach cancer.

  • Gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy is superior because it allows a direct view of the area of concern. The doctor can also take a sample of tissue (biopsy) to confirm the diagnosis.


  • Barium studies are also effective in detecting stomach cancers, although they may be less effective in detecting small tumors.

    • Suspicious areas seen on barium study always require further endoscopic checking.


    • Barium studies may have a major role in screening because they cause less discomfort compared with gastroscopy.

  • Once doctors establish the diagnosis, further tests are performed, including the following:

    • A CT scan of the abdomen


    • Chest x-ray film


    • Nuclear bone scans: These may be helpful in ruling out advanced disease that has spread outside your stomach walls.

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