Strep Throat Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Strep Throat article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Abscess: A local accumulation of pus anywhere in the body. The following are some example...

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Absorb: 1. To take something in, as through the skin or the intestine.
2....

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Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Allergic reaction: The hypersensitive response of the immune system of an allergic indiv...

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Allergy: A misguided reaction to foreign substances by the immune system, the body system ...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat infections caused by bacteria and other microorganisms. ...

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Antigen: A substance that the immune system perceives as being foreign or dangerous. The b...

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Asymptomatic: Without symptoms. For example, an asymptomatic infection is an infection wit...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Caffeine: A stimulant compound found naturally in coffee, tea, cocoa (chocolate), and kola...

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Cervical: Having to do with any kind of neck, including the neck on which the head is perc...

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Complication: In medicine, an unanticipated problem that arises following, and is a result...

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Congestive heart failure: Inability of the heart to keep up with the demands on it, with f...

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Contagious: capable of being transmitted from one human to another human via direct or ind...

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Cough: A rapid expulsion of air from the lungs, typically in order to clear the lung airwa...

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Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that ca...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

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Discharge: 1.The flow of fluid from part of the body, such as from the nose or vag...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Erythromycin: Erythromycin is a common antibiotic for treating bacterial infection. Sold...

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Exudate: A fluid rich in protein and cellular elements that oozes out of blood vessels due...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

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Hard palate: The first section of the bony part of the roof of the mouth, located in front...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart failure: Inability of the heart to keep up with the demands on it and, specifically...

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Heart muscle: A type of muscle with unique features only found in the heart. The heart mus...

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Heart valves: There are four heart valves. All are one-way valves. Blood entering the ...

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Herbal: 1. An adjective, referring to herbs, as in an herbal tea.
2. A...

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Hoarseness: Hoarseness is a term referring to abnormal voice changes. Hoarseness may be ma...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune response: Any reaction by the immune system. For example, poison ivy can cause an i...

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Impetigo: A skin infection caused by the staphylococcus or, less often, by the streptococc...

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Incidence: The frequency with which something, such as a disease or trait, appears in a pa...

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Incubation period: In medicine, the time from the moment of exposure to an infectious agen...

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Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Lips: Aside from the lips of the mouth, there are two pairs of lips at the entrance to the...

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Lockjaw: See Tetanus.

Low blood pressure: Any blood pressure that is below the normal expected for an individua...

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Lymph: The almost colorless fluid that travels through the lymphatic system, carrying cell...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Nasal: Having to do with the nose.

Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Nose: The external midline projection from the face. The purpose of the nose is to warm, c...

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Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Palate: The roof of the mouth. The front portion is bony (hard palate), and the back porti...

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Penicillin: The most famous of all antibiotics, named for the fungal mold Penicillium n...

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Peritonsillar abscess: A collection of pus behind the tonsils that pushes one of the tonsi...

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Pharyngeal: Having to do with the pharynx (throat).

Pharyngitis: Inflammation of the pharynx. Pharyngitis is a common cause of sore throat.

Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Pus: A thick, whitish-yellow fluid that results from the accumulation of white blood cells...

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Rapid strep test: A diagnostic test commonly used to demonstrate whether streptococcus bac...

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Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

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Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission. The reappearance ...

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Relapse: The return of signs and symptoms of a disease after a remission.

Respiratory: Having to do with respiration.

Rheumatic fever: An illness that occurs following a streptococcus infection (such as a "st...

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Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

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Runny nose: The production of extra mucus by the nose. Rhinorrhea is the medical term for ...

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Saliva: a watery secretion in the mouth produced by the salivary glands that aids in the d...

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Scarlet fever: A skin condition that is due to a streptococcal sore throat or any other st...

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Shock: In medicine, a critical condition that is brought on by a sudden drop in blood flow...

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Sleep: The body's rest cycle.

Sneeze: 1. As a verb, to suddenly expel air through the nose and mouth by an involu...

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Sore: 1. (adjective) A popular term for painful, such as a sore throat. 2. (...

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Sore throat: Pain in the throat. Sore throat may be caused by many different causes, inclu...

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Strep: Very commonly used shortened form of Streptococcus, a very common and import...

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Strep throat: Strep throat is an infection caused by a type of bacteria called streptococc...

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Streptococcus: A group of bacteria that causes a multitude of diseases. Under a microscope...

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Streptococcus pyogenes: A common bacteria of the skin that causes strep throat (streptococ...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Tetanus: An often fatal infectious disease that is caused by the bacterium Clostridium tet...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

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Tongue: A strong muscle that is anchored to the floor of the mouth. The tongue is covered ...

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Tonsils: Small masses of lymphoid tissue at the back and on both sides of the throat.

Toxic shock: See Toxic shock syndrome.

Toxic shock syndrome: A grave condition occurring predominantly in menstruating women usin...

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Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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Viral infection: Infection caused by the presence of a virus in the body. Depending on...

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Virus: A microorganism that is smaller than a bacterium that cannot grow or reproduce apar...

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