Stress Fracture Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Stress Fracture article.

Absorb: 1. To take something in, as through the skin or the intestine.
2....

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Anterior: The front, as opposed to the posterior. The anterior surface of the heart is tow...

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Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

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Benign: Not malignant. A benign tumor is one that does not invade surrounding tissue or sp...

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Bone scan: A nuclear medicine technique for creating images of bones on a computer screen ...

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Calcaneus: The heel bone, a more or less rectangular bone at the back of the foot. Also kn...

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Calcium: A mineral found mainly in the hard part of bones, where it is stored. Calcium is ...

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Cast: 1) A protective shell of fiberglass, plastic, or plaster, and bandage that is molde...

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Compression: 1. The act of pressing together. As in a compression fracture, nerve c...

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Computerized tomography: Pictures of structures within the body created by a computer that...

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CT scan: Computed tomography scan. Detailed images of internal organs are obtained by this...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Fasciitis: Inflammation of the fascia.

Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Femoral: Having to do with the femur.

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Femur: The single bone in the thigh, which is the largest bone in the human body. Also kno...

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Fibula: The smaller of the two bones in the lower leg. The end of the fibula forms the bon...

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Fracture: A break in bone or cartilage. Although usually a result of trauma, a fracture ca...

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Heel bone: Formally called the calcaneus. A more or less rectangular bone at the back of ...

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Homeostasis: A property of cells, tissues, and organisms that allows the maintenance and r...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Injure: To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emotional sense. Fr...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Leg: In popular usage, the part of the body from the top of the thigh down to the foot, an...

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Ligament: A tough band of connective tissue that connects various structures, such as two ...

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Lumbar: Referring to the five lumbar vertebrae, the disks below them, and the correspondin...

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Magnetic resonance imaging: A procedure that uses magnetism, radio waves, and a computer t...

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Medial: 1. Pertaining to the middle; in or toward the middle; nearer the middle of ...

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Metatarsal: One of the five cylindrical bones that extend from the heel to the toes.

Microscopic: An object so small it cannot be seen without the aid of microscope (for examp...

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Morton's neuroma: A swollen inflamed nerve in the ball of the foot, usually between the b...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Narcotic: 1. A drug that causes insensibility or stupor. A narcotic induces narcosi...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Neuroma: A benign tumor that arises from a nerve as, for example, an acoustic glioma or op...

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Nutrition: 1: The process of taking in food and using it for growth, metabolism, and repai...

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Osteoblast: A cell that makes bone. It does so by producing a matrix that then becomes min...

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Osteoclast: A cell that nibbles at and breaks down bone and is responsible for bone resorp...

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Osteoporosis: Thinning of the bones, with reduction in bone mass, due to depletion of calc...

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Oxycodone: Oxycodone is the active ingredient in OxyContin. Oxycodone is an opioid, a clos...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pelvis: The lower part of the abdomen, located between the hip bones. Structures in the fe...

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Periostitis: Inflammation of the periosteum.

Physical therapy: A branch of rehabilitative health that uses specially designed exercises...

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Plantar: Having to do with the sole of the foot.

Plantar fasciitis: Inflammation of the plantar fascia, the bowstring-like tissue that stre...

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Radiation: 1. Rays of energy. Gamma rays and X-rays are two of the types of energy ...

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Radioactive: Emitting energy waves due to decaying atomic nuclei. Radioactive substances a...

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Radioactive tracer: A radioactive molecule that can be sent through the body's circulatory...

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Referred pain: Pain felt at a site other than where the cause is situated. An example is t...

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Sacrum: The large heavy bone at the base of the spine, which is made up of fused sacral v...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Sciatica: Pain that results from irritation of the sciatic nerve and typically radiates fr...

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Shin: 1. The tibia, the larger of the two bones in the lower leg.
2. T...

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Shock: In medicine, a critical condition that is brought on by a sudden drop in blood flow...

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Spine: 1) The column of bone known as the vertebral column, which surrounds and protects ...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Stress fracture: A fracture caused by repetitive stress, as may occur in sports, strenuous...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Thigh: The thick, muscular portion of the leg that extends from the hip to the knee. The t...

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Thigh bone: The thigh bone in anatomy is called the "femur." Whichever term you care to us...

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Tibia: The larger of the two long bones in the lower leg. The tibia is familiarly known as...

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Tomography: The process for generating a tomogram, a two-dimensional image of a slice or s...

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Traction: In medicine, a procedure for manually pulling a part of the body to a beneficia...

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Vein: A blood vessel that carries blood that is low in oxygen content from the body back t...

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Medical Dictionary