Stroke-Related Dementia Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Stroke-Related Dementia article.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Aging: The process of becoming older, a process that is genetically determined and environ...

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Alzheimer's disease: A progressive degenerative disease of the brain that leads to dementi...

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Angiography: A procedure performed to view blood vessels after injecting them with a radio...

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Antidepressant: Anything, and especially a drug, used to prevent or treat depression.

Antidepressants: Anything, and especially a drug, used to prevent or treat depression.

Antihypertensive: Something that reduces high blood pressure (hypertension).

Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension and fear, characterized by physical symptoms such as pa...

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Artery: A vessel that carries blood high in oxygen content away from the heart to the far...

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Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Atherosclerosis: A process of progressive thickening and hardening of the walls of medium-...

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Binswanger disease: A form of dementia with blood vessel abnormalities in the deep white-m...

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Bladder: A hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. The kidneys filter waste f...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Bowel: The small and large intestine.

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Cardiovascular: Relating to the circulatory system, which comprises the heart and blood ve...

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Cardiovascular disease: Disease affecting the heart or blood vessels.

Carotid: Pertaining to the carotid artery and the area near that key artery, which is loca...

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Carotid artery: Either of the two key arteries located in the front of the neck, through w...

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Carotid endarterectomy: Endarterectomy (a surgical procedure designed to clean out materia...

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Cerebral: Of or pertaining to the cerebrum or the brain.

Cholesterol: The most common type of steroid in the body. Cholesterol has a reputation for...

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Cognitive: Having to do with thought, judgment, or knowledge.

Computed tomography: An x-ray procedure that uses the help of a computer to produce a deta...

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CT scan: Computed tomography scan. Detailed images of internal organs are obtained by this...

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Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

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Dementia: Significant loss of intellectual abilities, such as memory capacity, that is sev...

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Depression: An illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and that affects the way...

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Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Echocardiography: Echocardiography is a diagnostic test which uses ultrasound waves to mak...

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EEG: Electroencephalogram.

Electroencephalogram: A technique for studying the electrical currents within the brain. E...

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Endarterectomy: An operation to clean out an artery and restore normal blood flow through ...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart disease: Any disorder that affects the heart. Sometimes the term "heart disease" is ...

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Heart rhythm disorders: Abnormal rhythm of the heartbeat due to irregularities in transmis...

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Hemorrhage: Bleeding or the abnormal flow of blood.

Hemorrhagic: Pertaining to bleeding or the abnormal flow of blood.

High blood pressure: A repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg. Chro...

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Hypertension: High blood pressure, defined as a repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceedi...

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Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Infarction: The formation of an infarct, an area of tissue death, due to a local lack of o...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Lesion: An area of abnormal tissue change. Lesions vary in severity from harmless to serio...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Memory: 1. The ability to recover information about past events or knowledge. ...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Multi-infarct dementia: Dementia that is brought on by a series of strokes.

Neurological: Having to do with the nerves or the nervous system as, for example, a neurol...

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Neurologist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of th...

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NINDS: Stands for the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, one of the ...

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Nursing: 1) Profession concerned with the provision of services essential to the maintena...

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Nursing home: A residential facility for people with chronic illness or disability, partic...

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Operation: In medicine, a surgical procedure. Many operations are named after persons. The...

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Oxygen: The odorless gas that is present in the air and necessary to maintain life. Oxygen...

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Paralysis: Loss of voluntary movement (motor function). Paralysis that affects only one mu...

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Peripheral: Situated away from the center, as opposed to centrally located.

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Peripheral vascular disease: A disease of blood vessels outside the heart. Peripheral vasc...

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Plaque:1. An semi-hardened accumulation of substances from fluids that bathe an are...

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Platelet: An irregular, disc-shaped element in the blood that assists in blood clotting....

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Protein: One of the three nutrients used as energy sources (calories) by the body. Protein...

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Psychiatrist: A physician who specializes in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of m...

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Psychosis: In the general sense, a mental illness that markedly interferes with a person'...

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Recurrent: Appearing or occurring again. For example, a recurrent fever is a fever that ha...

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Referral: The recommendation of a medical or paramedical professional. If you get a refer...

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Risk factor: Something that increases a person's chances of developing a disease. For exam...

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Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Sleep: The body's rest cycle.

Sleep disorders: Any disorder that affects, disrupts, or involves sleep. The most common...

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SPECT: An acronym that stands for Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography, a nuclear me...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Stroke: The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Tomography: The process for generating a tomogram, a two-dimensional image of a slice or s...

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Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Vascular: Relating to blood vessels. For example, the vascular system in the body includes...

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Vascular dementia: A common form of dementia in older persons that is due to cerebrovascul...

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Vessel: A tube in the body that carries fluids. Examples of vessels are blood vessels and ...

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White matter: The part of the brain that contains myelinated nerve fibers. The white matte...

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