Sunburn (Sun Poisoning) Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Sunburn (Sun Poisoning) article.

Acne: Localized skin inflammation as a result of overactivity of the oil glands at the ba...

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Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Aging: The process of becoming older, a process that is genetically determined and environ...

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Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.

Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Basal cell carcinoma: The most common type of skin cancer, which commonly presents as a so...

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Blister: A collection of fluid underneath the top layer of skin (epidermis). There are man...

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Bumps: The raised area of a bump or bruise results from blood leaking from these injured b...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Carcinoma: Cancer that begins in the skin or in tissues that line or cover body organs. Ex...

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Cataract: A clouding or loss of transparency of the lens in the eye as a result of tissu...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure t...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that ca...

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Dermatology: 1. The branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis, treatment, and...

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Diabetes: Refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabetes mell...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

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Electrolyte: A substance that dissociates into ions in solution and acquires the capacity ...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Erythema: Redness of the skin that results from capillary congestion. Erythema can occur w...

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FDA: Food and Drug Administration.

Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

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Food and Drug Administration: An agency within the US Public Health Service that provides ...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Herbal: 1. An adjective, referring to herbs, as in an herbal tea.
2. A...

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Herpes: A family of viruses. Herpes also refers to infection with one of the human herpesv...

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Hives: A raised, itchy area of skin that may be a sign of an allergic reaction. It can be ...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Itching: An uncomfortable sensation in the skin that feels as if something is crawling on ...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Lesion: An area of abnormal tissue change. Lesions vary in severity from harmless to serio...

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Lips: Aside from the lips of the mouth, there are two pairs of lips at the entrance to the...

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Lupus: A chronic inflammatory disease that is caused by autoimmunity. Patients with lupus ...

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Malignant: 1. Tending to be severe and become progressively worse, as in malignant ...

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Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

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Melanoma: The most dangerous form of skin cancer, a malignancy of the melanocyte, the cell...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pharmacist: A professional who fills prescriptions and, in the case of a compounding pharm...

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Pigment: A substance that gives color to tissue. Pigments are responsible for the colors o...

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Poisoning: Taking a substance that is injurious to health or can cause death. Poisoning i...

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Porphyria: One of a variety of hereditary diseases that are characterized by abnormalities...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Radiation: 1. Rays of energy. Gamma rays and X-rays are two of the types of energy ...

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Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

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Sensitivity: 1. In psychology, the quality of being sensitive. As, for example, sen...

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Shock: In medicine, a critical condition that is brought on by a sudden drop in blood flow...

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SPF (sun protection factor): A number on a scale for rating the degree of protection prov...

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Squamous cell carcinoma: Cancer that begins in squamous cells -- thin, flat cells that loo...

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Steroid: One of a large group of chemical substances classified by a specific carbon struc...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Sun poisoning: 1. A nonscientific term sometimes used to refer to the serious and even pot...

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Sunburn: Sunburn is an inflammation of the skin that develops in response to exposure to u...

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Sunscreen: A substance that blocks the effect of the sun's harmful rays. Using lotions tha...

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Sweating: The act of secreting fluid from the skin by the sweat (sudoriferous) glands. The...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Topical: Pertaining to a particular surface area. For example, a topical agent is applied ...

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UV radiation: Ultraviolet radiation. Invisible rays that are part of the energy that comes...

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Vital: Necessary to maintain life. For example, breathing is a vital function.

Vitamin D: A steroid vitamin which promotes the intestinal absorption and metabolism of ca...

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Medical Dictionary