Systemic Scleroderma Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Systemic Scleroderma article.

Antigen: A substance that the immune system perceives as being foreign or dangerous. The b...

See the entire definition of Antigen

Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.

Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

See the entire definition of Arthritis

Autoimmune: Pertaining to autoimmunity, a misdirected immune response that occurs when the...

See the entire definition of Autoimmune

Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

See the entire definition of Bacteria

Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

See the entire definition of Blood pressure

Bumps: The raised area of a bump or bruise results from blood leaking from these injured b...

See the entire definition of Bumps

Calcinosis: An abnormal deposit of calcium salts in body tissues. Examples include the cal...

See the entire definition of Calcinosis

Collagen: The principal protein of the skin, tendons, cartilage, bone, and connective tiss...

See the entire definition of Collagen

Connective tissue: A material made up of fibers forming a framework and support structure...

See the entire definition of Connective tissue

CREST syndrome: A limited form of scleroderma, a disease of connective tissue that involve...

See the entire definition of CREST syndrome

Cutaneous: Related to the skin.

Dermatomyositis: A chronic inflammatory disease of skin and muscle which is associated wit...

See the entire definition of Dermatomyositis

Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

See the entire definition of Diarrhea

Dysfunction: Difficult function or abnormal function.

back to top

Dysphagia: Difficulty swallowing. Dysphagia is due to abnormal nerve or muscle control. It...

See the entire definition of Dysphagia

Esophageal: Related to the esophagus.

Esophagus: The tube that connects the pharynx (throat) with the stomach. The esophagus lie...

See the entire definition of Esophagus

Familial: A condition that tends to occur more often in family members than is expected by...

See the entire definition of Familial

Gene: The basic biological unit of heredity. A segment of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) need...

See the entire definition of Gene

Genes: The basic biological units of heredity. Segments of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) nee...

See the entire definition of Genes

Genetic: Having to do with genes and genetic
information.

Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

See the entire definition of Heart

Heartburn: An uncomfortable feeling of burning and warmth occurring in waves rising up be...

See the entire definition of Heartburn

High blood pressure: A repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg. Chro...

See the entire definition of High blood pressure

HLA: Human leukocyte antigen, the major human histocompatibility system. HLA typing is don...

See the entire definition of HLA

Hypertension: High blood pressure, defined as a repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceedi...

See the entire definition of Hypertension

Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune response: Any reaction by the immune system. For example, poison ivy can cause an i...

See the entire definition of Immune response

Immune system: A complex system that is responsible for distinguishing a person from every...

See the entire definition of Immune system back to top

Inheritance: The transmission of a gene from parent to child. The pattern of inheritance i...

See the entire definition of Inheritance

Intestinal pseudo-obstruction: A condition in which the patient has symptoms of intestinal...

See the entire definition of Intestinal pseudo-obstruction

Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

See the entire definition of Kidney

Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

See the entire definition of Lungs

Lupus: A chronic inflammatory disease that is caused by autoimmunity. Patients with lupus ...

See the entire definition of Lupus

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

See the entire definition of Muscle

Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

See the entire definition of Organ

Pathogen: An agent of disease. For example, Bacillus anthracis is the pathogen that causes...

See the entire definition of Pathogen

Polymyositis: An autoimmune inflammatory disease of muscle that begins when white blood ce...

See the entire definition of Polymyositis

Prevalence: The proportion of individuals in a population having a disease or characterist...

See the entire definition of Prevalence

Progressive: Increasing in scope or severity, advancing, or going forward. For example, a ...

See the entire definition of Progressive

Protein: One of the three nutrients used as energy sources (calories) by the body. Protein...

See the entire definition of Protein

Proteins: Large molecules composed of one or more chains of amino acids in a specific orde...

See the entire definition of Proteins

Rheumatoid arthritis: An autoimmune disease characterized by chronic inflammation of joint...

See the entire definition of Rheumatoid arthritis

Sclerodactyly: Localized thickening and tightness of the skin of the fingers or toes. Scle...

See the entire definition of Sclerodactyly back to top

Scleroderma: A disease of connective tissue that causes scar tissue (fibrosis) to form in ...

See the entire definition of Scleroderma

Sclerosis: Localized hardening of skin. Sclerosis is generally caused by underlying diseas...

See the entire definition of Sclerosis

Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness ...

See the entire definition of Shortness of breath

Sporadic: Occurring upon occasion or in a scattered, isolated, or seemingly random way.

Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Systemic: Affecting the entire body. A systemic disease such as diabetes can affect the wh...

See the entire definition of Systemic

Systemic lupus erythematosus: A chronic inflammatory condition caused by an autoimmune di...

See the entire definition of Systemic lupus erythematosus

Virus: A microorganism that is smaller than a bacterium that cannot grow or reproduce apar...

See the entire definition of Virus

Viruses: Small living particles that can infect cells and change how the cells function. I...

See the entire definition of Viruses back to top




NIH talks about Ebola on WebMD


Medical Dictionary