Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Syndrome Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Syndrome article.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Acupuncture: The practice of inserting needles into the body to reduce pain or induce anes...

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Aging: The process of becoming older, a process that is genetically determined and environ...

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Anesthesia: Loss of feeling or awareness, as when an anesthetic is administered before sur...

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Anesthetic: A substance that causes lack of feeling or awareness, dulling pain to permit s...

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Antidepressants: Anything, and especially a drug, used to prevent or treat depression.

Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

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Arthrocentesis: A procedure in which a sterile needle and syringe are used to drain fluid ...

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Arthroscopy: A surgical technique in which a tube-like instrument is inserted into a joint...

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Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Autoimmune: Pertaining to autoimmunity, a misdirected immune response that occurs when the...

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Autoimmune disease: An illness that occurs when the body tissues are attacked by its own i...

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Behavior therapy: A treatment program that involves substituting desirable behavior respon...

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Botox: A highly purified preparation of botulinum toxin A, a toxin produced by the bacteri...

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Botulinum toxin: A toxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum that is th...

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Bruxism: Grinding and gnashing of the teeth. Bruxism is due to clenching of the teeth othe...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Cartilage: Firm, rubbery tissue that cushions bones at joints. A flexible kind of cartilag...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Cognitive: Having to do with thought, judgment, or knowledge.

Cognitive behavior therapy: A therapeutic practice that helps patients recognize and remed...

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Compress: Cloth or another material applied under pressure to an area of the skin and held...

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CT scan: Computed tomography scan. Detailed images of internal organs are obtained by this...

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Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

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Degenerative joint disease: Also known as osteoarthritis, this type of arthritis is cause...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Disc: Shortened terminology for an intervertebral disc, a disk-shaped piece of specialized...

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Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

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Ear: The hearing organ. There are three sections of the ear, according to the anatomy tex...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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ENT: 1. Abbreviation for ears, nose and throat. A field of medicine also called ot...

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Gout: Condition characterized by abnormally elevated levels of uric acid in the blood, rec...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Irrigate: To wash out. For example, one can irrigate a wound to clean it.

Jaw: The movable junction of the bones below the mouth (the mandible) and the bone just ab...

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Jawbone: 1. As a noun, a bone of the jaw, particularly the mandible.
2....

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Lupus: A chronic inflammatory disease that is caused by autoimmunity. Patients with lupus ...

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Mandible: The bone of the lower jaw. The joint where the mandible meets the upper jaw at t...

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Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Nose: The external midline projection from the face. The purpose of the nose is to warm, c...

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Osteoarthritis: A type of arthritis caused by inflammation, breakdown, and eventual loss ...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Physical therapy: A branch of rehabilitative health that uses specially designed exercises...

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Posture: The carriage of the body as a whole, the attitude of the body, or the position of...

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Prevalence: The proportion of individuals in a population having a disease or characterist...

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Primary care: A patient's main source for regular medical care, ideally providing continui...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Progressive: Increasing in scope or severity, advancing, or going forward. For example, a ...

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Radiate: To spread out from a central area. For example, sciatic pain may radiate outward ...

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Range of motion: The full movement potential of a joint, usually its range of flexion and ...

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Recurrent: Appearing or occurring again. For example, a recurrent fever is a fever that ha...

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Rheumatoid arthritis: An autoimmune disease characterized by chronic inflammation of joint...

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Ringing in the ears: Medically called tinnitus, can be due to many causes including ear in...

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Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Shock: In medicine, a critical condition that is brought on by a sudden drop in blood flow...

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Shoulder: A structure made up of two main bones: the scapula (shoulder blade) and the hume...

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Skull: The skull is a collection of bones which encase the brain and give form to the hea...

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Sleep: The body's rest cycle.

Spasm: A brief, automatic jerking movement. A muscle spasm can be quite painful, with the ...

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Steroid: One of a large group of chemical substances classified by a specific carbon struc...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Tear: A drop of the salty secretion of the lacrimal glands which serves to moisten the con...

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Temple: The area just behind and to the side of the forehead and the eye, above the side o...

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Temporal: 1. Pertaining to time, limited in time, temporary, or transient.
...

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Temporal bone: A large irregular bone that is situated at the base and side of the skull. ...

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Tension: 1) The pressure within a vessel, such as blood pressure: the pressure within t...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

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Tinnitus: Ringing in the ears. Tinnitus has many causes, including some medications (inclu...

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TMJ: Temporomandibular joint.

TMJ syndrome: Temporomandibular joint 'syndrome.

Tongue: A strong muscle that is anchored to the floor of the mouth. The tongue is covered ...

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Toxin: A poison produced by certain animals, plants, or bacteria.

Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

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Tricyclic antidepressants: One of a class of medications used to treat depression. The tri...

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Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Yawn: Involuntary opening of the mouth, accompanied by slowly breathing inward and then ou...

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Yawning: Involuntary opening of the mouth with respiration, breathing first inward, then o...

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Medical Dictionary