Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Syndrome (cont.)
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TMJ Syndrome Diagnosis
Depending on the what doctor suspects as the cause, he/she may order blood tests that include a white cell count and other tests to rule out lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, or gout as a cause of the TMJ syndrome.
If the diagnosis of TMJ syndrome is not clear or some other disorder is suspected, CT or MRI scans may also be obtained The MRI scan can help assess the soft tissues and the inside of the joint. A CT scan can help assess the bony structures and muscles. Experts believe that in doubtful cases, MRI is the study of choice as it is useful in evaluating TMJ disease.
In rare cases, if all the above tests fail to make a diagnosis of TMJ syndrome and pain still persists, the surgeon may use a needle to clean and irrigate the joint (arthrocentesis).
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/9/2015
Steven S. Bhimji, MD, MSc, PhD
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