Epididymitis Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Epididymitis article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abscess: A local accumulation of pus anywhere in the body. The following are some example...

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Abstinence: The voluntary self-denial of food, drink, or sex. Today, abstinence most commo...

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Acquired: Not inherited, or present at birth (congenital), but developing after birth. For...

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Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Amplification: An event that produces multiple copies of a gene or of any sequence of DNA....

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat bacterial infections. Antibiotics have no effect on viral...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Bladder: A hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. The kidneys filter waste f...

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Bladder infection: Infection of the urinary bladder. Some people are at more risk for blad...

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Blood in the urine: Blood that appears in the urine. Also known as hematuria. Gross hematu...

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Cardiologist: A physician who specializes in treating heart disorders.

CDC: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US agency charged with tracking a...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Child abuse: A complex set of behaviors that include child neglect and the physical, emoti...

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Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure t...

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Chlamydia: The agent of a sexually transmitted disease, a type of bacteria found in the ce...

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Chlamydia trachomatis: A bacterium that causes a disease called trachoma that results in b...

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Cuts: Severed skin. Washing a cut or scrape with soap and water and keeping it clean and d...

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Cysts: Cysts are abnormal, closed sac-like structures within a tissue that contain a liqui...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Discharge: 1.The flow of fluid from part of the body, such as from the nose or vag...

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Doxycycline: Brand name: Vibramycin. A synthetic broad-spectrum antibiotic derived from te...

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Duct: A walled passageway, such as a lymph duct, that carries fluid from one place to anot...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Enteric: Of or relating to the small intestine.

Epididymis: A structure within the scrotum that is attached to the back side of the testis...

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Epididymitis: Inflammation of the epididymis. Epididymitis can be caused by sexually acqui...

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Escherichia coli: Full term for E. coli, the colon bacillus.

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Fasciitis: Inflammation of the fascia.

Fecal: Relating to the feces, the stool. The excrement discharged from the intestines.

Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Fungi: Plural of fungus.

Gangrene: Tissue death due to loss of adequate blood supply. Sometimes bacteria invade suc...

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Genital: Pertaining to the external and/or internal organs of reproduction.

Gland: A group of cells that secrete a substance for use in the body. For example, the thy...

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Gonorrhea: A bacterial infection that is transmitted by sexual contact. Gonorrhea is one o...

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Groin: The area where the thigh meets the hip.

Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Hydrocele: Accumulation of fluid in the coat around the testis. Small hydroceles tend to d...

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Hygiene: The science of preventive medicine and the preservation of health. Also commonly ...

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Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Mumps: An acute (sudden, shortlived) viral illness that usually presents with inflammation...

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Mycobacterium: A large family of bacteria that have unusually waxy cell walls that are res...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Necrotizing fasciitis: Severe bacterial infection of the fascia, the tissues that line and...

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Neisseria: A group of bacteria that includes the bacterium that causes gonorrhea.

Nucleic acid: One of the family of large molecules which includes deoxyribonucleic acid (D...

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Orchitis: Inflammation of the testis. Causes of orchitis include mumps and other infection...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pediatric: Pertaining to children.

Penile: Of or pertaining to the penis.

Penis: The external male sex organ. The penis contains two chambers, the corpora cavernosa...

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Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Prostate: A gland within the male reproductive system that is located just below the blad...

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Prostate gland: A gland in the male reproductive system that is located just below the bla...

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Reproductive system: In women, the organs that are directly involved in producing eggs and...

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Resistance: Opposition to something, or the ability to withstand something. For example, s...

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Scrotum: The pouch of skin that contains the testes, epididymides, and lower portions of t...

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Sepsis: The presence of bacteria (bacteremia), other infectious organisms, or toxins creat...

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Sperm: A sperm is the male "gamete" or sex cell. It combines with the female &qu...

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STD: Sexually transmitted disease.

Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Testicles: The testicles (also called testes or gonads) are the male sex glands. They are ...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be ...

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Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Urethra: The tube that leads from the bladder and transports and discharges urine outside ...

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Urinalysis: A test that is done in order to analyze urine. Because toxins and excess fluid...

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Urinary: Having to do with the function or anatomy of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or ur...

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Urinary tract: The organs of the body that produce, store, and discharge urine. These orga...

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Urinary tract infection: An infection of the kidney, ureter, bladder, or urethra. Abbrevia...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Urologist: A physician who specializes in diseases of the urinary organs in females and th...

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Vaccination: Injection of a killed microbe in order to stimulate the immune system against...

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Vas deferens: The tube that connects the testes with the urethra. The vas deferens is a co...

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Vibramycin: Brand name for doxycycline.

Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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White blood cell: One of the cells the body makes to help fight infections. There are seve...

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White blood cell count (leukocyte count): The number of white blood cells (WBCs) in the b...

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Medical Dictionary