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Testicle Infection (Epididymitis) (cont.)

Outlook for Epididymitis (Testicle Infection)

If treated appropriately with antibiotics, epididymitis should be cured and the individual will have an excellent prognosis (outlook).

The pain should improve within 1-3 days; however, swelling may take several days to resolve.

However, complications are possible, including:

  • Sterility: If the epididymitis involves both sides and is untreated, sterility may result (rarely, sterility can still occur even with antibiotic treatment).
  • Scrotal abscess (an infection)
  • Co-infection of the testicle (epididymo-orchitis)
  • Sepsis (spread of infection into the bloodstream)
  • Fournier gangrene (a severe and life-threatening infection of the scrotal area that kills the cells)

The longer treatment is delayed, the more likely the above complications may develop and thus reduce the individual's outcome to only fair to poor, depending on the severity of the complications.

Medically reviewed by Michael Wolff, MD; American Board of Urology


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Updated recommended treatment regimens for gonococcal infections and associated conditions - United States, April 2007.
<> Epididymitis. Updated Dec 20, 2015.
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Stöppler, Melissa Conrad, MD. "9 Common STDs (Sexually Transmitted Diseases) in Men." Updated Sept 2, 2016.

Doerr, Steven, MD. "Testicular Pain (Pain in the Testicles)." Updated Oct 7, 2015. <>

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 10/26/2016

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Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Testicular Trauma »

Institute conservative treatment for patients with minor trauma in which the testes are unequivocally spared and the scrotum has not been violated.

Read More on Medscape Reference »

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